Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 474–479 | Cite as

Covalent immobilization of laccase on activated carbon for phenolic effluent treatment

  • Susan Davis
  • Richard G. Burns
Biochemical Engineering


Laccase was covalently immobilised to activated carbon using four derivatisation methods. The highest bound activity was obtained using diimide coupling of laccase to carboxyl groups on the carbon. The maximum bound activity was reached at 11.5 mg laccase/g carbon. The carbon-immobilised laccase (CIL) was stable at pH values from 4.0 to 9.0. CIL stored at 4°C lost 38± 5% activity in the first 4 days, then a further 22±5% in 126 days. CIL showed increased stability to low pH although the pH optimum was unchanged. The activation energy of CIL was lower than soluble laccase. Oxidation of 2,6-dimethoxyphenol (DMP) by CIL in a packed-bed system was only 30±10% of that in a fluidised bed system. Of the initial activity 10–30% was retained after oxidation of seven batches of DMP. CIL removed colour from two industrial effluents. Colour was removed from pulp mill bleach plant effluent at 115 colour units per enzyme unit per hour and the removal rate increased with increasing effluent concentration.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Davis
    • 1
  • Richard G. Burns
    • 1
  1. 1.Biological LaboratoryUniversity of KentCanterburyUK

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