, Volume 24, Issue 1–2, pp 377–420 | Cite as

The genus phymatolithon in the Gulf of Maine

  • Walter H. Adey


New information on anatomy, cytology and the development of reproductive structures is presented to show that Phymatolithon is a genus distinct from both Clathromorphum and the branching members of Lithothamnium. Also, a new species of Phymatolithon, Ph. rugulosum, is described. The reproductive cycles and geographic and bathymetric distributions of Ph. laevigatum and Ph. rugulosum in the Gulf of Maine are presented and discussed. There is strong indication that the geographic distribution of crustose corallines in the region is controlled primarily by maximum summer temperatures. The depth distributions are apparently controlled primarily by decrease of light with depth, though temperatures and substrate are also factors.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Baas-Becking, L. G. M. & Galliher, E. W., - 1931 - Wall structure and mineralization in coralline algae. J. phys. Chem., 35: 467–479.Google Scholar
  2. Batters, E. A. L. - 1902 - A catalogue of the British marine algae. J. Bot. (Brit. & For.), 40 (Supplement): 107 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Begilow, H. B.- 1927 - Physical oceanography of the Gulf of Maine. Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish. 40 (2): 511–1027. 1924.Google Scholar
  4. Børgensen, F. - 1902 - The Marine Algae of the Faeröes. p. 339–352, figs. 51–110. Bot. of the Faeröes, part 2. Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  5. Bouck, G. B. - 1962 - Chromatophore development, pits and other fine structure in the red alga, Lomentaria baileyana (HARV.) FARLOW. J. Cell. Biol., 12 (3): 553–569, 21 figs.Google Scholar
  6. Day, C. G. - 1959 - Chromatophore observations, 1957, east coast of the United States. U. S. Dept. of Int., Fish and Wild. Serv., Special Scientific Reports, Fisheries no. 282: 1–123, 17 figs.Google Scholar
  7. DeToni, G. B. - 1905 - Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. 4(4): 1523–1973.Google Scholar
  8. Farlow, W. G. - 1894 - The marine algae of New England. Rep. U. S. Comm. Fish and Fisheries for 1879, Appendix A-1: 1–210. (1882).Google Scholar
  9. Foslie, M. H. - 1894 - The Norwegian forms of Lithothamnion. K. Norske Vidensk Selsk. Skr., 1894: 29–208, 23 pls.Google Scholar
  10. Foslie, M. H. - 1898a -Systematical survey of the Lithothamnian. K. Norske Vidensk Selsk. Skr., 1898 (2): 1–7.Google Scholar
  11. Foslie, M. H. - 1898b - List of species of the Lithothamnia. K. Norske Vidensk Selsk. Skr., 1898 (3): 1–11.Google Scholar
  12. Foslie, M. H. - 1900 - Revised systematical survey of the Melobesieae. K. Norske Vidensk Selsk. Skr., 1900 (5): 1–22.Google Scholar
  13. Foslie, M. H.-1901-New Melobesieae. K. Norske Vidensk Selsk. Skr., 1900 (6): 1–24.Google Scholar
  14. Foslie, M. H.-1905-Remarks on northern Lithothamnia. K. Norske Vidensk Selsk. Skr., 1905 (3): 1–138.Google Scholar
  15. Foslie, M. H.-1908-Algolgiske Notiser V. K. Norske Vidensk Selsk. Skr., 1908 (7): 1–20.Google Scholar
  16. Foslie, M. H.-1929-Contributions to a Monograph of the Lithothamnia. Edited by H. Printz. 60 pp., 75 pls. Trondheim.Google Scholar
  17. Hachey, H. B.&Bailey, W. B.-1952-The general hydrography of the waters of the Bay of Fundy. Revision. Fisheries Res. Bd. of Canada. Manuscript reports of the biological sta. No. 455.Google Scholar
  18. Hamel, G.&Lemoine, M.-1953-Corallinacées de France et d'Afrique du Nord. Arch. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., vii, 1: 15–136, 83 figs., 23 pls.Google Scholar
  19. Heydrich, F.-1897a-Corallinaceae, inbesondere Melobesieae. Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 15: 34–70, 3 figs., pl. 3.Google Scholar
  20. Heydrich, F.-1897b-Melobesieae. Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 15: 403–420, pl. 18.Google Scholar
  21. Heydrich, F.-1900-Die Lithothamnien von Helgoland. Wiss. Meeresuntersuch. (Abt. Helgoland). N.F. 4: 63–82, pl. 2.Google Scholar
  22. Howe, M. A.-1927-Hudson Bay Algae. Rep. Canadian Arctic Exped. 1913–1918, 4 (Botany): 18–29.Google Scholar
  23. Johnson, J. H.-1961-Limestone Building Algae and Algal Limestones. xi + 297 pp., 139 pls., 14 tables. Boulder, Colorado.Google Scholar
  24. Kjellman, F. R.-1883-The algae of the Arctic Sea. K. Svensk. Vetensk. Akad. Handl., 20 (5): 1–349, 31 pls.Google Scholar
  25. Kylin, H.-1907-Studien über die Algenflora der Schwedischen Westküste. Akad. Abhandl. 287 pp., 7 pls. Upsala.Google Scholar
  26. Kylin, H.-1956-Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen. xv + 673 pp., 458 figs. Lund.Google Scholar
  27. Lemoine, M.-1911-Structure anatomique des Mélobésiées. Application à la classification. Ann. Inst. Oceanogr., 2 (2): 1–213, 105 figs., 5 pls., 3 folding tables.Google Scholar
  28. Lund, S.-1959-The marine algae of east Greenland I., Taxonomic Part. Meddel. om Grøn., 156 (1): 247 pp., 42 figs.Google Scholar
  29. Masaki, T.&Tokida, J.-1961-Studies on the Melobesiodeae of Japan. V. Bull. Fac. Fish., Hokkaido Univ., 12 (3): 161–165, pls. 1–4.Google Scholar
  30. Mason, L. R.-1953-The crustaceous coralline algae of the Pacific coast of the United States, Canada and Alaska. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot., 26 (4): 313–390, pls. 27–46.Google Scholar
  31. Myers, A., Preston, R. D.&Ripley, G. W.-1959-An electron microscope investigation into the structure of the Floridean pit. Ann. Bot., 23: 257–260.Google Scholar
  32. Rosenvinge, L. K.-1917-The marine algae of Denmark. Contributions to their natural history. Part II. Rhodophyceae II. (Cryptonemiales). K. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr., ser. 7, Naturv.-Math. 7 (2): 155–283, figs. 74–201, pls. 3,4.Google Scholar
  33. Suneson, S-1943-The structure, life-history and taxonomy of the Swedish Corallinaceae. Lunds Univ. Årssk., N.F., Avd. 2, 39 (9): 66 pp., 26 figs., 9 pls.Google Scholar
  34. Suneson, S-1950-The cytology of the bispore formation in two species of Lithophyllum and the significance of the bispores in the Corallinaceae. Bot. Not., 1950: 429–450, 8 figs.Google Scholar
  35. Taylor, W. R.-1937–1962-Marine Algae of the Northeastern Coast of North America. Univ. Mich. Stud., Sci. Ser. 13. vii + 427 pp., 60 pls. Ann Arbor. (revised, 1957, reprinted, 1962).Google Scholar
  36. Trites, R. W.-1962-Temperature and salinity in the Quoddy region of the Bay of Fundy. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada, 19 (5): 975–978, 2 figs.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk Publishers 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter H. Adey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations