Advertisement

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 147–152 | Cite as

Biotreatment of ammonia- and butanal-containing waste gases

  • B. Weckhuysen
  • L. Vriens
  • H. Verachtert
Environmental Biotechnology Original paper

Abstract

The biological removal of ammonia and butanal in contaminated air was investigated by using, respectively, a laboratory-scale filter and a scrubber-filter combination. It was shown that ammonia can be removed with an elimination efficiency of 83% at a volumetric load of 100 m3·m−2·h−1 with 4–16 ppm of ammonia. During the experiment percolates were analysed for nitrate, nitrite, ammonium and pH. It was found that the nitrification in the biofilter could deteriorate due to an inhibition of Nitrobacter species, when the free ammonia concentration was rising in the percolate. It should be easy to control such inhibition through periodic analysis of the liquid phase by using a filter-scrubber combination. Such a combination was studied for butanol removal. Butanal was removed with an elimination efficiency of 80% by a scrubber-filter combination at a volumetric load of 100 m3·m−2·h−1 and a high butanal input concentration. Mixing the filter material with CaCO3 and pH control of the liquid in the scrubber resulted in an increase of the elimination efficiency. These results, combined with previous results on the biofiltration of butanal and butyric acid, allow us to discuss the influence of odour compounds on the removal efficiency of such systems and methods for control. The results were used to construct a full-size system, which is described.

Keywords

Nitrite Butanol CaCO3 Butanal Butyric Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. APHA (1979) Standard methods, 15th edn. American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  2. Anthonissen AC, Loehr RC, Prakasam TBS, Srinath EG (1976) Inhibition of nitrification by ammonia and nitrous acid. J Water Pollut Control Fed 48:835–852PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Brauer H (1984) Biologische Abluftreinigung. Chem Ing Techn 56:279–286.Google Scholar
  4. Breemen N van, Burrough PA, Velthorst EJ, Dobben HF, Wit T de, Ridder TB, Reijnders HFR (1982) Soil acidification from atmospheric ammonium sulphate in forest canopy throughfall. Nature 299:548–550Google Scholar
  5. Diks RMM, Ottengraf SPP (1991) Process engineering aspects of biological waste gas purification. In: Verachtert H, Verstraete W (eds) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Environmental Biotechnology, Ostend, Belgium, 22–25 April 1991. Royal Flemish Society of Engineers, Antwerp, pp 353–368Google Scholar
  6. Eggels PG (1986) Biological filtration of ventilation air contaminated with ammonia in the intensive livestock industry. TNO-report-TNO Department of Environmental Technology, Apeldoorn, The Netherlands, pp 86–140Google Scholar
  7. Jol A (1989) Eliminierung von ammoniak aus der stalluft eines tierhaltungsbetriebes mit hilfe eines biofilters. Verein Deutscher Ingenieure-Berichte 735:267–276Google Scholar
  8. Gemert LJ, Nettenbreijer AH (1977) Compilation of odour treshold values in air and water. National Institute for Water Supply — Central Institute for Nutrition and Food Research, TNOGoogle Scholar
  9. Kirchner K, Hauk G, Rehm HJ (1987) Exhaust gas purification using immobilised monocultures (biocatalysts) Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 26:579–587Google Scholar
  10. Langenhove H van, Lootens A, Schamp N (1988) Elimination of ammonia from pigsty ventilation air by wood bark biofiltration. Med Fac Landbouww Rijksuniv Gent 53 (4b): 1963–1969Google Scholar
  11. Ottengraf SPP (1986) Exhaust gas purification. In: (eds) Biotechnology, vol 8, VCH, Weinheim, pp 425–452Google Scholar
  12. Vis PIM, Rinzema A (1991) Removal of ammonia from waste gas with a rotating biological contactor. In: Verachtert H, Verstraete W (eds) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Environmental Biotechnology, Ostend, Belgium, 22–25 April 1991. Royal Flemish Society of Engineers, Antwerp, pp 373–376Google Scholar
  13. Weckhuysen B, Vriens L, Verachtert H (1991) Biological purification of waste gases from waste water treatment plants. Med Fac Landbouww Rijksuniv Gent 56 (4a): 1529–1534Google Scholar
  14. Weckhuysen B, Vriens L, Verachtert H (1993a) The effect of nutrient supplementation on the biofiltration removal of butanal in contaminated air. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 39:395–399Google Scholar
  15. Weckhuysen B, Vriens L, Verachtert H (1993b) Geurbestrijding bij de biologische afvalwaterzuivering. Water 68:14–22Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Weckhuysen
    • 1
  • L. Vriens
    • 2
  • H. Verachtert
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Industrial Microbiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Agricultural and Applied Biological SciencesCatholic University of LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Seghers EngineeringWillebroekBelgium

Personalised recommendations