Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 87–100 | Cite as

Migration stock and the issue of competing and complementary flows in United States interstate migration

  • Ardeshir Anjomani
  • Vida Hariri


The purpose of this paper is to study the determinants of interstate migration in the United States from 1965–1970 when a new change in direction of migration has started, and to examine the flow creation or flow diversion that results from migration to some appealing regions. Several related variables have been selected and tested for gross interstate migration flows. The results show that overall both push and pull factors have not been important. People from higher income regions migrate more, and migrants tend to move to states with higher incomes and larger population. Distance was not found to act as a significant deterrence to migration, whereas population density of origin and destination was significant. Previous migration was found to have a very strong effect on migration. The results of the study also suggested that there has been a major change in the location of growth areas in the United States during 1955–1970.

The study of concurrent flow showed that the states of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida combined have positively influenced migratory flow between origin and destination states. Empirical results, however, also showed that California did not have flow creation or flow diversion effects on interstate migration.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Crown WH (1991) Migration and regional economic growth: An origin-destination model. Econ Dev Q 5:45–59Google Scholar
  2. Fields GS (1979) Place-to-place migration: Some new evidence. Rev Econ Statist 61:21–32Google Scholar
  3. Glejser H, Dramais A (1969) A gravity model of interdependent equations to estimate flow creation and diversion. J Reg Sci0 9:439–449Google Scholar
  4. Gordon P, Theobold P (1981) Migration and spatial development in the Republic of Mexico. J Dev Areas 15:239–251Google Scholar
  5. Greenwood MJ (1969) An analysis of the determinants of geographic labor mobility in the United States. Rev Econ Statist 51:189–194Google Scholar
  6. Greenwood MJ (1970) Lagged response in the decision to migrate. J Reg Sci 10:375–384Google Scholar
  7. Greenwood MJ (1975) A simultaneous-equations model of urban growth and migration. J Am Statist Assoc 70:797–810Google Scholar
  8. Greenwood MJ (1985) Human migration: Theory, models and empirical studies. J Reg Sci 25:521–544Google Scholar
  9. Greenwood MJ, Ladman TR (1978) An economic analysis of migration in Mexico. Ann Reg Sci 22:16–31Google Scholar
  10. Greenwood MJ, Sweetland D (1972) The determinants of migration between standard metropolitan statistical areas. Demography 9:665–681Google Scholar
  11. Krumm RJ (1983) Regional labor markets and the household migration decision. J Reg Sci 23:361–376Google Scholar
  12. Mead A (1982) A simultaneous equations model of migration and economic changes in nonmetropolitan areas. J Reg Sci 22:512–527Google Scholar
  13. Mueller CF (1982) The economics of labor migration: A behavioral analysis. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Muth RF (1971) Migration: Chicken or egg. South Econ J 37:295–306Google Scholar
  15. Navaratil J, Doyle JJ (1977) The socioeconomic determinants of migration and the level of aggregation. South Econ J 43:1547–1559Google Scholar
  16. Nelson P (1959) Migration, real income and information. J Reg Sci 1:49–50Google Scholar
  17. Olvey LD (1972) Regional Growth and inter-regional migration — Their pattern of interaction. Rev Reg Stud 2:139–163Google Scholar
  18. Porell FW (1982) Intermetropolitan migration and quality of life. J Reg Sci 22:137–158Google Scholar
  19. Richardson HW (1976) Grwoth pole spillover: The dynamic of backwash and spread. Reg Stud 10:1–9Google Scholar
  20. Sternlieb G, Hughes JW (1977) New regional and metropolitan realities of America. J Am Inst Planners 43:227–241Google Scholar
  21. Vining DR Jr, Kontuly T (1978) Population dispersal from major metropolitan regions. An international comparison. Int Reg Sci Rev 3:49–73Google Scholar
  22. Walsh, BM (1974) Expectations, information and human migration: specifying an econometric model of Irish migration to Britain. J Reg Sci 14:107–120Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ardeshir Anjomani
    • 1
  • Vida Hariri
    • 2
  1. 1.City and Regional Planning, School of Urban and Public AffairsThe University of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA
  2. 2.City of Forth WorthDepartment of Planning and Growth ManagementForth WorthUSA

Personalised recommendations