, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 155–173 | Cite as

A causal analysis of car ownership and transit use

  • Ryuichi Kitamura


The causal structure underlying household mobility is examined in this study using a sample obtained from the Dutch National Mobility Panel survey. The results indicate that car ownership is strongly associated with mode use, but that it has no influence on weekly person trip generation by household members. Characteristics of mode use are examined through a causal analysis of changes in car ownership, number of drivers, number of car trips, and number of transit trips. It is shown that observed changes in mode use cannot be adequately explained by assuming that a change in transit use influences car use. The finding suggests that the increase in car use, which is a consequence of increasing car ownership, may not be suppressed by improving public transit.

Key words

car ownership public transit use panel analysis causal models 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryuichi Kitamura
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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