Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 215–229 | Cite as

Unemployment and marital dissolution

  • Peter Jensen
  • Nina Smith
Article

Abstract

This paper analyses the effects of unemployment on the probability of marital dissolution. Based on panel data for a sample of Danish married couples, we estimate a dynamic model for the probability of marital dissolution where we take into account the possible effects of unemployment for both spouses. We also control for other factors such as education, age, presence of children, place of residence, health and economic factors. The empirical results show that unemployment seems to be an important factor behind marital instability. However, only unemployment of the husband has an effect, and this effect is immediate.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Becker GS (1981) A treatise on the family. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  2. Becker GS, Landes EM, Michael RT (1977) An economic analysis of marital instability. J Polit Econ 85:1141–1187Google Scholar
  3. Christoffersen MN (1987) Familien under forandring? Socialforskningsinstituttet, Publikation no 168, Copenhagen (in Danish) Hartmann PH (1988) Explaining regional variation of the 1982 divorce rate: results of a study based on West German data. Mimeo, MannheimGoogle Scholar
  4. Haurin DR (1989) Women's labor market reactions to family disruptions. Rev Econ Statist 71:54–61Google Scholar
  5. Johnson WR, Skinner J (1986) Labor supply and marital separation. Am Econ Rev 76:455–469Google Scholar
  6. Johnson WE, Skinner J (1988) Accounting for changes in the labor supply of recently divorced women. J Hum Resourc 23:417–436Google Scholar
  7. Lehrer E (1988) Determinants of marital instability: a Cox-regression model. Appl Econ 20:195–210Google Scholar
  8. Lommerud KE (1989) Marital division of labour with risk of divorce: the role of ‘voice’ enforcement of contracts. J Labor Econ 7:113–127Google Scholar
  9. Peters HE (1988) Retrospective versus panel data in analyzing lifecycle events. J Hum Resourc 23:488–513Google Scholar
  10. Weiss Y, Willis RJ (1985) Children as collective goods and divorce settlements. J Labor Econ 3:268–292Google Scholar
  11. Westergård-Nielsen N (1984) A Danish longitudinal data base. In: Neumann GR, Westergård-Nielsen N (eds) Studies in labor market dynamics. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 267–285Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Jensen
    • 1
  • Nina Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of EconomicsUniversity of AarhusAarhus CDenmark

Personalised recommendations