Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 215–234 | Cite as

Poverty dynamics in eight countries

  • Greg J. Duncan
  • Björn Gustafsson
  • Richard Hauser
  • Günther Schmauss
  • Hans Messinger
  • Ruud Muffels
  • Brian Nolan
  • Jean-Claude Ray
Article

Abstract

Despite very different macroeconomic conditions, demographic structures and degrees of income inequality, favorable income changes among low-income families with children were widespread and strikingly similar across the eight countries in our study. In most European countries, the combination of modest inequality and extensive mobility among the poor enabled virtually all families to avoid relative income deprivation at least occasionally. However, even substantial mobility among the poor in the Unites States could not elevate the living standards of one in seven white and two in five black families to a level that was half that enjoyed by a typical American family.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bane MJ, Ellwood D (1986) Slipping into and out of poverty: the dynamics of spells. J Human Resources 21 (1):1–23.Google Scholar
  2. Burkhauser RV, Duncan GJ, Hauser R, Berntsen R (1990) Economic burdens of marital disruptions: a comparison of the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany. Rev Income Wealth 36 (4):319–333.Google Scholar
  3. Duncan GJ, Coe RD, Hill MS, Hoffman SD, Morgan JN (1984) Years of poverty, years of plenty. Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor, MI.Google Scholar
  4. Morgan JN, Dickinson K, Dickinson J, Berms J, Duncan GJ (1974) Five thousand American families — patterns of economic progress, vol. I. Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor, MI.Google Scholar
  5. Rowntree BS (1902) Poverty: a study of town life. MacMillan, London.Google Scholar
  6. Smeeding T, Rainwater L (1993) Cross-national trends in income and poverty and dependency: the evidence for young adults in the eighties. In: McFate K (ed) Poverty, inequality and this crisis of social policy: Western states in the new world order. Russell Sage, New York (in press).Google Scholar
  7. US Bureau of the Census (1989) Current population reports, Series P-70, no. 15-RD-1. Transitions in income and poverty status: 1984–1985. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Greg J. Duncan
    • 1
  • Björn Gustafsson
    • 2
  • Richard Hauser
    • 3
  • Günther Schmauss
    • 4
  • Hans Messinger
    • 5
  • Ruud Muffels
    • 6
  • Brian Nolan
    • 7
  • Jean-Claude Ray
    • 8
  1. 1.Survey Research Center, Room 3260 ISRUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.School of Economics and Commercial LawGothenberg UniversityGoteburgSweden
  3. 3.Johann Wolfgang Goethe-UniversitätFrankfurt am MainGermany
  4. 4.CEPS/INSTEADInstitut PédagogiqueWalferdangeLuxembourg
  5. 5.Statistics Canada, RH Coats Bldg., 24-MTunney's PastureOttawaCanada
  6. 6.Department of Social Security StudiesTilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands
  7. 7.The Economic and Social Research InstituteDublinIreland
  8. 8.Faculté de Droit, Sciences Economiques et Gestion, L.A.S.A.R.E.Université Nancy II, ADEPSNancyFrance

Personalised recommendations