Henry's law coefficients of formic and acetic acids
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The Henry's law constants, KH, of dilute aqueous formic and acetic acids were determined experimentally as a function of concentration and temperature using a new counterflow packed-column technique. KH was found to be (8.9±1.3)×103 and (4.1±0.4)×103 M atm-1 at 25°C for HCOOH and CH3COOH, respectively. The reaction enthalpies, ΔH, were found to be −51±2 kJ mol-1 and −52±1 kJ mol-1 for formic and acetic acid, respectively. These are in good agreement with calculated thermochemical values.
Whereas the KH values are in reasonably good agreement with certain other experimentally determined values, KH (HCOOH) is two to three times higher than calculated thermochemical values while KH (CH3COOH) is lower than the two calculated values.
The ‘best’ experimental values appear to be (11±2)×103 M atm-1 and (7±3)×103 M atm-1 for HCOOH and CH3COOH, respectively.
Key wordsHenry's law formic acid acetic acid carboxylic acids
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