Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 1–25 | Cite as

The role of fertility and population in economic growth

Empirical results from aggregate cross-national data
  • James A. Brander
  • Steve Dowrick


Two recently improved sets of cross-country panel data are combined in order to re-examine the effects of population growth and fertility on economic growth. Using a 107 country panel data set covering 1960-85, we find that high birth rates appear to reduce economic growth through investment effects and possibly through “capital dilution”, although classic resource dilution is not evident in the data. Most significantly, however, birth rate declines have a strong medium-term positive impact on per capita income growth through labour supply or “dependency” effects.


Birth Rate Economic Growth Population Growth Panel Data Labour Supply 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. Brander
    • 1
  • Steve Dowrick
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Commerce and Business AdministrationUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Department of Economics Research, School of Social SciencesAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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