GeoJournal

, Volume 2, Issue 5, pp 443–449

Polyculture and monoculture: Contrast and analysis

  • Uzo M. Igbozurike
Article

Abstract

Although polyculture or interplanting is a dominant production method used by traditional cultivators in the tropics, there has been increasing emphasis on monoculture in agricultural development planning. Analysis of the economic and ecological consequences of these two cropping alternatives in a densely-populated area of eastern Nigeria suggests that a focus on monoculture as a panacea for increasing productivity and food supply is questionable. Polyculture is held to be ecologically superior to monoculture and, in the field area examined, economically more productive as well. Thus further investigation of polycultural approaches to agricultural development would appear to be warranted.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ANDREAE, B.: Problems of Improving the Productivity in Tropical Farming. Applied Sciences and Development (Institute for Scientific Cooperation, Tübingen, Germany), 3, 124–142 (1974)Google Scholar
  2. DICKINSON III, J.C.: Alternatives to Monoculture in the Humid Tropics of Latin America. The Professional Geographer 24, 3, 217–222 (1972)Google Scholar
  3. IGBOZURIKE, U.M.: Against Monoculture. The Professional Geographer 23, 2, 113–117 (1971a)Google Scholar
  4. IGBOZURIKE, U.M.: Ecological Balance in Tropical Agriculture. Geographical Review 61, 4, 519–529 (1971b)Google Scholar
  5. IGBOZURIKE, U.M.: Agriculture at the Crossroads: A Comment on Agricultural Ecology. Ile-Ife, Nigeria: University of Ife Press (1977)Google Scholar
  6. IGOBZURIKE, U.M.: Population and Carrying Capacity of a Tropical Region. A Research Report, Department of Geography, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 346 pp., 1978.Google Scholar
  7. INNIS, D.Q.: Methods for Determining the Efficiency of Tropical Small Farm Agricultural Practices. Paper read at the Conference of the International Geographical Union, Montreal 1972.Google Scholar
  8. INNIS, D.Q.: Traditional Versus Modern Methods of Increasing Tropical Food Production (in India and Jamaica). Proceedings of the 23rd International Geographical Union. Vol. 6. General Economic Geography, Moscow, 203–208, 1976.Google Scholar
  9. JONES, M.J.: The Maintenance of Fertility of Savanna Soils: The Role of Fertilizers. Samaru Conference Paper 1, Institute for Agricultural Research, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 1974.Google Scholar
  10. KIMBER, C.: Dooryard Gardens of Martinique. Yearbook, Association of Pacific Coast Geographers, 28, 97–118 (1966).Google Scholar
  11. LEE, D.H.K.: Climate and Economic Development in the Tropics. New York, Harper and Brothers 1957.Google Scholar
  12. NORMAN, D.W.: Why Practice Intercropping? Samaru Agricultural Newsletter. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 10, 107–116 (1968)Google Scholar
  13. NORMAN, D.W.: Rationalizing Mixed Cropping Under Indigenous Conditions: The Example of Northern Nigeria. Samaru Research Bulletin 232, Institute for Agricultural Research, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 1975.Google Scholar
  14. OGUNFOWORA, O. and NORMAN, D.W.: An Optimization Model for Evaluating the Stability of Sole Cropping and Mixed Cropping Systems Under Changing Resource and Technology Levels. Bulletin of Rural Economics and Sociology. University of Ibadan, Ibadan 8, 1, 77–79 (1973)Google Scholar
  15. OLUKOSI, J.O.: Decisions of Farmers Under Risk and Uncertainty — The Case of Ipetu and Odo-Ore Farmers in Kwara State. Samaru Agricultural Newsletter. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 18, 108–122 (1976)Google Scholar
  16. SOBULO, R.A.: Hints on Land Use and Soil Management. Daily Times (Lagos), p. 7 (9th August, 1976).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uzo M. Igbozurike
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria

Personalised recommendations