Solar Physics

, Volume 141, Issue 2, pp 205–234 | Cite as

Magnetoacoustic-gravity surface waves

I. Constant Alfvén Speed
  • Alan J. Miles
  • B. Roberts


The linearized theory for the parallel propagation of magnetoacoustic-gravity surface waves is developed for an interface of a horizontal magnetic field above a field-free medium. The media either side of the interface are taken to be isothermal. The dispersion relation is obtained for the case of a constant Alfvén speed. In the absence of gravity the interface may support one or two surface modes, determined by the relative temperatures and magnetism of the two media. The effect of gravity on the modes is examined and dispersion diagrams and eigenfunctions are given. In the usual ω - kx diagnostic diagram, the domain of evanescence is shown to be divided into two distinct regions determining whether a given mode will have a decaying or growing vertical velocity component. In the absence of a magnetic field the transcendental dispersion relation may be rewritten as a polynomial. This polynomial possesses two acceptable solutions only one of which may exist in any given circumstances (depending on the ratio of the densities). If the gas density within the field exceeds that in the field-free medium, then the f-mode may propagate. The f-mode exists in a restricted band of horizontal wavenumber and only when the field-free medium is warmer than the magnetic atmosphere. An analytical form for the wave speed of the f-mode is obtained for small values of the Alfvén speed. It is shown that the f-mode is related to the fast magnetoacoustic surface wave, merging into that mode at short wavelengths.


Magnetic Field Dispersion Relation Surface Wave Vertical Velocity Wave Speed 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan J. Miles
    • 1
  • B. Roberts
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mathematical and Computational SciencesUniversity of St. AndrewsSt. Andrews, FifeScotland

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