Characteristics of immobilized Rhizopus oryzae in polyurethane foam cubes
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Rhizopus oryzae was immobilized in polyurethane foam cubes. The effects of the cube size on cell immobilization, cell growth and L(+)-lactic acid production were studied. By the natural attachment method, R. oryzae could be easily immobilized in the polyurethane foam cubes larger than 2.5 × 5 × 5 mm3. The use of small cubes for R. oryzae immobilization was very effective to increase the productivity of L(+)-lactic acid by the immobilized cells. Although it was difficult for smaller cubes to be completely full of the mycelia, increasing the inoculum size in immobilizations was effective to increase the immobilization ratio (a ratio of the number of the cubes containing cells to the total number of cubes).
KeywordsFoam Cell Growth Immobilization Lactic Acid Polyurethane
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