Cytological and genetical studies on hybrids between sorghum almum parodi (2n=40) and some diploid (2n=20) species of sorghum
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Hybridization between S. almum (2n=40) and diploid (2n=20) species of Sorghum resulted in plants with 2n=40 and 2n=30 chromosomes. As segregation for many characters occurred in the offspring of those with 2n=40, hybrids of this type provide a means of transferring genes from the diploid to the tetraploid species of Eu-sorghum. Segregations for some genes in the progeny of these hybrids revealed heterozygosity in S. almum which may indicate that one of the ancestors of S. almum was a variety of S. vulgare very similar to the commercial grain sorghum.
The triploids were only slightly fertile and the chromosome numbers of plants resulting from backcrossing to S. almum ranged from 30 to 46. Some of the plants with the higher chromosome numbers were self-fertile and segregation for genes which were present in the original diploid and tetraploid parents were observed in their off-spring. Backcrossing the triploid to the diploid parent produced fertile plants with 2n=20 and it is possible that the triploids could be used to transfer genes from the tetraploid to the diploid species of Eu-sorghum.
The chromosome pairing in the triploids was similar to that expected in an autotriploid, but some non-homologous pairing was detected which may be the result of duplication of some chromosomes or chromosome segments within the genome (n=10) of S. vulgare.
KeywordsPlant Physiology Genetical Study Sorghum Chromosome Number Chromosome Pairing
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