Epidemiologic surveys of dog and cat bites in the Lyon area, France
- 47 Downloads
The urban pet population has increased considerably in France during the last twenty years. Two main questions need to be answered regarding rabies and other bite transmitted zoonoses: What is the actual incidence rate of dog and cat bites in an urban area; and how sensitive is the animal bite reporting system? To answer these questions, four surveys were conducted in the Lyon area, France, in 1989: 1) an analysis of the consultation reports to the Pasteur Institute and of the bite reports sent by veterinarians to the local veterinary services for 1987 and 1988; 2) a survey of 10 veterinary clinics located in the Lyon area and an analysis of their bite reports for the period May 1987 — April 1989; 3) a questionnaire survey to 175 clients of these veterinary clinics; 4) a street survey of a random sample of the Lyon adult population (310 questionnaires).
Bite incidence rates ranged from 10/100,000 persons/year for rabies post-exposure treatments to 37.5/100,000 persons/year for reported bites. However, less than half of the bite reports from the ten veterinary clinics were submitted to the veterinary services.
The surveys conducted among pet owners and the general population indicated that, overall, bites were common events (3.4%) and occurred more often in pet owners (8.6%). In 74% of the cases, victims belonged to the pet owner's family and one fourth of the accidents occurred when playing with the pet. However, 12% of the accidents resulted from apparently unprovoked aggressions. According to these data, estimates of the incidence rate of bites for the Lyon area were at least one hundred times higher than the official reported rate of 37.5 bites/100,000 persons/year.
Key wordsBites Dog bites Cat bites Rabies Epidemiological surveys
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Anonymous (1986): Douloureusement vôtre... Dauphiné Libéré, 11 octobre 1986.Google Scholar
- 2.August J.R. (1988): Dog and cat bites - J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 193: 1394–1398.Google Scholar
- 3.Beck A.M., Loring H. and Lockwood R. (1975): The ecology of dog bite injury in St Louis, Missouri -Public Health Rep. 90: 262–267.Google Scholar
- 4.Beck A.M. and Jones B.A. (1985). Unreported dog bites in children - Public Health Rep. 100: 315–321.Google Scholar
- 5.Beck A.M. (1991): The epidemiology and prevention of animal bites - Seminars in Vet. Med. and Surgery (Small Anim.), 6: 186–191.Google Scholar
- 6.Berzon D.R., Farber R.E., Gordon J. and Kelly E.B. (1972): Animal bites in a large city — a report on Baltimore, Maryland - Am. J. Public Health 62:422–426.Google Scholar
- 7.Beytout J., Rivoire D., Garat P., Sirot J., Lafeuille H. and Rey M. (1983): Le traitement des blessures d'origine animale doit tenir compte du risque de Pasteurellose - Méd. Mal. Inf. 13: 412–419.Google Scholar
- 8.Brook I. (1989): Human and animal bite infections -J. Family Practice 28: 713–718.Google Scholar
- 9.Choudat D., Le Goff C, Paul G. et al., (1986): Animaux familiers et prévalence des anticorps anti-Pasteurella multocida dans une population urbaine -Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses 1: 13–17.Google Scholar
- 10.Dean A.G., Dean J.A., Burton A.H. and Dicker R.C. (1990): Epi No, version 5: a word processing, database, and statistics program for epidemiology on microcomputers - USD, incorporated, Stone Mountain, Georgia.Google Scholar
- 11.Elliot D.L., Tolle S.W., Goldberg L. and Miller J.B. (1985): Pet-associated illness - New Engl. J. Med. 313: 985–995.Google Scholar
- 12.Gagnon A.C. (1989): Les morsures - Point Vét. 21 (124): 663–672.Google Scholar
- 13.Goldstein E.J.C. and Richwald G.A. (1987): Human and animal bite wounds - Am. Fam. Physician 36: 101–109.Google Scholar
- 14.Hanna T.L. and Selby L.A. (1981): Characteristics of the human and pet populations in animal bite incidents recorded at two air force bases - Public Health Rep. 96: 580–584.Google Scholar
- 15.Journal officiel de la République Française. Décret No 76867 du 13 septembre 1976.Google Scholar
- 16.Kieffer J.P. (1986): Les mordeurs et les mordus. La Dépèche Vétérinaire, No 26, 10–11.Google Scholar
- 17.Kizer K.W. (1979): Epidemiological and clinical aspects of animal bite injuries - J. Am. Coll. Emergency Physicians, 8 (4): 134–141.Google Scholar
- 18.Malzac J. (1988). De l'étude des traumatismes causés par les animaux. A propos de 306 cas. Thése Doc. Méd., Lyon 1, No 217.Google Scholar
- 19.Strady A., Rouger C., Vernet V., Combremont A.G., Remy G., Deville J. and Chippaux C. (1988): Morsures d'animaux. Epidémiologie et risques infectieux -Presse Méd. 17: 2229–2233.Google Scholar
- 20.Sureau P. (1990): Recent data on the epidemiology and prophylaxis of human rabies in France - Comp. Immun. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 13: 107–110.Google Scholar
- 21.Szpakowski N.M., Bonnett B.N. and Martin S.W. (1989): An epidemiological investigation into the reported incidents of dog biting in the city of Guelph- Can. Vet. J. 30: 937–942.Google Scholar
- 22.Thomas H.F. and Banks J. (1990): A survey of dog bites in Thanet - J. Royal Society of Health 110: 173.Google Scholar
- 23.Thomson H.G. and Sviter V. (1973): Small animal bites: the role of primary closure - J. Trauma 13: 20–23.Google Scholar
- 24.Underman A.E. (1987): Bite wounds inflicted by dogs and cats - Vet. Clinics of North Am. Small anim. Pract. 17: 195–207.Google Scholar
- 25.Viegas S.F., Calhoun J.H. and Mader J. (1988): Pit bull attack: case report and litterature review - Texas Medicine 84: 40–44.Google Scholar
- 26.Wright J.C. (1990): Reported cat bites in Dallas: Characteristics of the cats, the victims, and the attack events - Public Health Rep. 105: 420–424.Google Scholar