Foundations of Science

, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 323–335 | Cite as

Science is neither sacred nor a confidence trick

  • Susan Haack
Truth in Science


The Old Deferentialism, taking science to enjoy a privileged epistemic standing because of its uniquely rational and objective method, is over-optimistic. But there is no need to conclude, like the New Cynics, that appeals to evidence, rationality, objectivity are mere rhetorical bullying. A new theory of scientific method and knowledge is developed, which combines logical and social elements, and reveals science to be not epistemologically privileged, but epistemologically distinguished.

Key words

epistomology evidence scientific method objectivity social constructivism 


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    Cf. Michael Polanyi, “The Republic of Science,” in Knowing and Being, ed. Marjorie Greene, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, 1969, 49–62; and Susan Haack, “The First Rule of Reason,” forthcoming in The Rule of Reason, eds Brunning, J. and Forster, P., Toronto University Press.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Haack
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA

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