Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 101–112 | Cite as

Preliminary observations on the interstitial fauna of the south-west coast of India

  • A. G. Govindankutty
  • N. Balakrishnan Nair
Article

Summary

This paper presents the preliminary observations on the interstitial fauna of the south-west coast of India, made during the course of 1963–1964. Observations were made at four stations representing different ecological habitats. The influence of some factors, such as wave action, grain size, temperature and salinity on the fauna was studied. The occurrence, seasonal abundance and the nature of distribution of the different groups on the intertidal zone, were also studied at the four stations.

Keywords

Foraminifera Polychaete Sandy Beach Monsoon Period Turbellaria 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aiyar, R. G. & Alikunhi, K. H. - 1940 - A new pisionid from the sandy beaches, Madras. Rec. Indian Mus. 42: 89–107.Google Scholar
  2. Aiyar, R. G. & Alikunhi, K. H. - 1944 - On Some archiannelids of the Madras Coast. Proc. nat. Inst. Sci. India 10, 1: 113–140.Google Scholar
  3. Alikunhi, K. H. - 1941 - On a new species of Praegeria occurring in the sandy beach, Madras. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 13, 3: 193–228.Google Scholar
  4. Alikunhi, K. H. - 1947 - On Pisione complexa, n.sp. from the sandy beach, Madras. Proc. nat. Inst. Sci. India 13, 3: 105–112.Google Scholar
  5. Ax, P. - 1956a - Les Turbellariés des étangs côtiers du littoral méditerranéen de la France méridionale. Vie et Milieu 5: 215.Google Scholar
  6. Ax, P.- 1956b - Monographie der Otoplanidae (Turbellaria), Morphologie und Systematik. Abh. math. nat. Kl. Akad. Wiss. Mainz. 1955: 501–796.Google Scholar
  7. Boaden, P. J. S. - 1960 - Three new gastrotrichs from the Swedish West Coast. Cah. Biol. mar. 1: 397–406.Google Scholar
  8. Boaden, P. J. S. - 1961a - Meganerilla swedmarki nov. gen. nov. spec. an archiannelid of the family Nerillidae. Ark. Zool. 2, 13: 553–559.Google Scholar
  9. Boaden, P. J. S. - 1961b - Littoral interstitial species from Anglesey representing three families new to Britain. Nature, Lond. 191: 512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Boaden, P. J. S. - 1962 - Colonisation of the graded sand by an interstitial fauna. Cah. Biol. mar. 3: 245–248.Google Scholar
  11. Boaden, P. J. S. - 1963a - The interstitial fauna of some North Wales beaches J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 43: 79–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Boaden, P. J. S. - 1963b - Behaviour and distribution of the archiannelid Trilobodrilus heideri. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 43: 239–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Boaden, P. J. S. - 1963c - Marine Gastrotricha from the interstitial fauna of some North Wales beaches. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 140: 485–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Boaden, P. J. S. - 1963d - The interstitial Turbellaria Kalyptorhynchia from some North Wales beaches. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 141: 173–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bruce, J. R. - 1928a - Physical factors on the sandy beach. Part I. Tidal, climatic and edaphic. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 15: 535–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bruce, J. R. 1928b - Idem Part II. Chemical changes, carbon dioxide concentration and sulphides. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 15: 553–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Delamare-Deboutteville, C. - 1960 - Biologie des eaux souterraines littorales et continentales. Paris, 740 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Dragesco, J. - 1954 - Diagnoses préliminaires de quelques Ciliés psammophiles nouveaux. Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 79: 57–62.Google Scholar
  19. Dragesco, J. - 1960 - Les Ciliés mésopsammiques littoraux (systématique, morphologie, écologie). Trav. Sta. biol. Roscoff, N.S. 12: 1–356.Google Scholar
  20. Franzén, A. - 1960 - Monobryozoon limicola n. sp., a ctenostomatous bryo zoan from the detritus layer of soft sediment. Zool. Bidr. Uppsala 33: 135–147.Google Scholar
  21. Ganapati, P. N. & Chandrasekhara Rao, G. - 1962 - Ecology of the interstitial fauna inhabiting the sandy beaches of Waltair coast. J. Mar. biol. Ass. India 4, 1: 44–57.Google Scholar
  22. George, M. J. & Kartha, K. N. K. - 1963 - Surface salinity of Cochin Backwater with reference to tide. J. Mar. biol. Ass. India 5, 2: 178–184.Google Scholar
  23. Gerlach, S. A. - 1953 - Die biozönotische Gliederung der Nematodenfauna an den deutschen Küsten. Z. Morph. Ökol. Tiere 41: 411–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gerlach, S. A. - 1955 - Neue Nematoden aus dem Küstengrundwasser des Golfes de Gascogne. Vie et Milieu 6: 426–434.Google Scholar
  25. Gnanamuthu, C. P. - 1954 - Two new sand dwelling isopods from the Madras Sea-shore. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 12, 7: 251–274.Google Scholar
  26. Harvey, L. A. & Wells, J. B. J. - 1961 - Occurrence of the species of Halammohydra on the isles of Scilly. Nature, Lond. 189: 944.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hertling, H. - 1932 - Philinoglossa helgolandica, ein neuer Opistobranchier. Wiss. Meeresunters., N.F. 19, 2: 1–9.Google Scholar
  28. Kowalevsky, A. - 1901a - Les Hedylides, étude anatomique. Mém. Acad. Sci. St-Pétersb. (Sci. math. phys. nat.) 12, 6: 1–32.Google Scholar
  29. Kowalevsky, A. - 1901b - Etudes anatomiques Sur le genre Pseudovermis. Mém. Acad. Sci. St-Pétersb. (Sci. math. phys. nat.( 12, 4: 1–28.Google Scholar
  30. Krishnaswamy, S. - 1957 - Studies on the Copepoda of Madras. University of Madras, 1–168.Google Scholar
  31. Monniot, F. - 1962a - Présence à Roscoff d'une ‘Ascidiidae’ interstitielle: Psammascidia teissieri n.g., n.sp. C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 255: 2656–2658.Google Scholar
  32. Monniot, F. - 1962b - Dextrogaster suecica n.g., n.sp. Ascidie interstitielle des graviers du Skagerrak. C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 255: 2820–2822.Google Scholar
  33. Nair, N. B. - 1965 - The seasonal settlement of marine fouling and wood-boring Crustaceans at Cochin Harbour, South-west coast of India. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol, 50, 3: (in press).Google Scholar
  34. Nair, N. B. - 1966 - Vertical distribution of marine woodboring animals in Cochin Harbour, South-west coast of India. Hydrobiologia27, 1–2: 248–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Nicholls, A. G. - 1935 - Copepods from the interstitial fauna of a sandy beach. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 20: 379–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Noodt, W. - 1957 - Zur Ökologie der Harpacticoidea (Crust. Cop.) des Eulittorals der deutschen Meeresküste und der angrenzenden Brackgewässer. Z. Morph. Ökol. Tiere 46: 149–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pennak, R. W. - 1940 - Ecology of the microscopic metazoa inhabiting the sandy beaches of some Wisconsin lakes. Ecol. Monogr. 10: 537–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pennak, R. W. - 1950 - Comparative ecology of the interstitial fauna of fresh water and marine beaches. Année biol. 3, 27: 449–480.Google Scholar
  39. Remane, A. -1927 - Halammohydra, ein eigenartiges Hydrozoon der Nordund Ostsee. Z. Morph. Ökol. Tiere 7: 643–677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Remane, A. -1933 - Verteilung und Organisation der benthonischen Mikrofauna der Kieler Bucht. Wiss. Meeresuntersuch. N.F. 21: 161–221.Google Scholar
  41. Remane, A. -1936 - Gastrotricha und Kinorhyncha. Bronn's Klassen 4, 2: 385.Google Scholar
  42. Remane, A. -1938 - Ergänzende Mitteilungen über Monobryozoon ambulans Remane. Kieler Meeresforsch. 2: 356–358.Google Scholar
  43. Remane, A. -1951 - Die Besiedlung des Sandbodens im Meere und die Bedeutung der Lebensformtypen für die Ökologie. Zool. Anz. 16: 327–359.Google Scholar
  44. Swedmark, B. - 1955 - Recherches sur la morphologie, le développement et la biologie de Psammodrilus balanoglossoides, Polychète sédentaire de la microfaune des sables. Arch. Zool. exp. gén. 92: 141–220.Google Scholar
  45. Swedmark, B. - 1956 - Etude de la microfaune des sables marins de la region de Marseille. Arch. Zool. exp. gén. 93: 70–95.Google Scholar
  46. Swedmark, B. - 1959 - Archiannelides Nérillidae des côtes du Finistère. Arch. Zool. exp. gén. 98: 26–42.Google Scholar
  47. Swedmark, B. - 1964 - The interstitial fauna of marine sand. Biol. Rev. 39: 1–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Swedmark, B. - Teissier, G. - 1957 -Halammohydra vermiformis n.sp. et lafamille des Halammohydridae Remane. Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 82: 38–49.Google Scholar
  49. Swedmark, B. - 1958 - Otohydra vagans n.g.n.sp., Hydrozoaire des sables apparente aux Halammohydridées. C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 247: 238–240.Google Scholar
  50. Swedmark, B. - & Teissier, G. -1959 - Halammohydra et Otohydra, hydrozoaires de la microfaune des sables et l'ordre des Actinulides. Proc. 15th int. Congr. Zool. London, 330–331.Google Scholar
  51. Weinstein, F. - 1961 - Psammostyela delamarei n.g.n.sp., Ascidie interstitielle des sables à Amphioxus. C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris. 252: 1843–1844.Google Scholar
  52. Wells, J. B. J. - 1961 - Interstitial copepods from the isles of Scilly. Crustaceana 2: 262–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Wieser, W. - 1953 - Die Beziehung zwischen Mundhöhlengestalt, Ernahrungsweise und Vorkommen bei freilebenden marinen Nematoden. Ark. Zool. 2, 4: 439–484.Google Scholar
  54. Wieser, W. - 1956 - Factors influencing the choice of substratum in Cumella vulgaris Hart (Crustacea, Cumacea). Limnol. Oceanogr. 1: 274–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Wieser, W. - 1957a - Archiannelids from the intertidal of Puget Sound. Trans. Amer. micr. Soc. 76: 275–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Wieser, W. - 1957b - Gastrotricha Macrodasyoidea from intertidal of Puget Sound. Trans. Amer. micr. Soc. 76: 372–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Wieser, W. - 1959 - The effect of grain size on the distribution of small invertebrates inhabiting the beaches of Puget Sound. Limnol. Oceanogr. 4: 181–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Wiszniewski, J. - 1934 - Recherches écologiques sur le psammon et spécialement sur les Rotifères psammiques. Arch. Hydrob. Rybret. 8: 149–271.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk Publishers 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. G. Govindankutty
    • 1
  • N. Balakrishnan Nair
    • 1
  1. 1.Oceanographic LaboratoryUniversity of KeralaErnakulam-6India

Personalised recommendations