Higher Education

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 603–635 | Cite as

University finances in India

A review of problems and prospects
  • Jandhyala B. G. Tilak


There are about 130 universities and 5 thousand colleges in India. About 1/5 of the plan expenditure and 1/3 of total government recurring expenditure on education goes to this sector. While this is not adequate to provide meaningful higher education to the 3.5 million students enrolled, this is also not trivial. The resources that are being poured into the university system have been increasing at a fast rate, faster than the general economic indicators, but the requirements of the universities have been increasing at a much faster rate, widening the gap between the two continuously. This situation of ‘increased cost and diminished income’, leading to a crisis or a near-crisis has been a basic characteristic of the Indian universities. The present paper presents a critical review some of the crucial aspects of university finances in India, including the pattern of flow of resources into the university system and the pattern of allocation of resources by the university between its different functions and faculties. In sum, the paper, based on a quick review of the macro scene of the university system in India as a whole, and a critical survey of the few case studies that were conducted earlier on individual universities, presents an analysis of growth of university finances in India during the post-independence period, an overall short appraisal of the case studies, and analyses of income and expenditure patterns of the universities and the problems involved therein, including managerial aspects of finances.


High Education Basic Characteristic Fast Rate Critical Review Expenditure Pattern 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jandhyala B. G. Tilak
    • 1
  1. 1.The World BankN.W., Washington D.C.USA

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