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Natural Hazards

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 183–202 | Cite as

Tsunamigenic zones in the Mediterranean Sea

  • S. L. Soloviev
Article

Abstract

A list of 300 tsunamis and similar phenomena known in the Mediterranean is given. Data reliability and wave intensity are estimated; mechanisms of tsunami generation are indicated and data from literature sources on the coordinates and magnitudes of tsunamigenic earthquakes are cited. Eighteen zones of excitation and manifestation of tsunamis are identified which can be integrated into four groups with respect to the recurrence period and maximum intensity of the tsunamis. The strongest tsunamis are excited in the Aegean Sea, and the Hellenic and Calabrian island arcs. The focal depth of the earthquake-generating tsunamis in the Mediterranean is, on average, less than that in the Pacific. Correspondingly, the magnitude of tsunamigenic earthquakes is lower. According to preliminary estimates, the Mediterranean tsunamis attenuate with distance more rapidly than do those in the Pacific Ocean.

Key words

Tsunamis earthquakes Mediterranean Sea 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. L. Soloviev
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of OceanologyAcademy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.MoscowU.S.S.R.

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