Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 111–129 | Cite as

Multipurpose palms: the sugar palm (Arenga pinnata (Wurmb) Merr.)

  • J. Mogea
  • B. Seibert
  • W. Smits
Article

Abstract

Arenga pinnata is the most important sugar palm of the humid tropics. Besides yielding sugar, it provides a great number of products and benefits to its users, and is one of the most diverse multipurpose tree species in culture.

The various ways in which this palm is used are illustrated for the native population of four Indonesian provinces. Although all people make use of the palm, the intensity of use, and the products which are used, vary widely among places. The peoples of East Kalimantan where there is a very low population density and a Muslim population, makes relatively little use of the palm. The peoples of North Sumatra, with a mostly Christian population, and of West Java, with a very high population density make intensive use of the sugar palm. The most advanced cropping and cultivation patterns have developed in North Sulawesi, where many old traditions are based on sugar palm cultivation.

The potentials of A. pinnata in cropping systems including agroforestry are presented. Prerequisites for intensified cultivation are discussed.

Key words

Palms Arenga pinnata MPT Indonesia ethnobotany 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bastaman DD (1985) Pengaruh beberapa macam perlakuan terhanap perkecambahan benih aren (Arenga pinnata) (Wurmb) Merr Unpubl. Saviour of Arjana Thesis, UNPAD Bandung. 77 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Clement CR (1989) The potential use of the Pejibaye palm in agroforestry systems. Agroforestry Systems 7(3): 201–212Google Scholar
  3. Dransfield J and Mogea JP (1984) The flowering behaviour of Arenga (Palmae: Caryotoideae). Bot J Linn Soc 88: 1–10Google Scholar
  4. Flach M and Schuiling DL (1989) Revival of an ancient starch crop: a review of the agronomy of the sago palm. Agroforestry systems 7(3): 259–281Google Scholar
  5. Fox JJ (1977) Harvest of the Palm. Harvard Univ Press (Cambridge, Mass.). 290 pGoogle Scholar
  6. FPRDC Agency (1989) Socio-economic studies on aren utilization and assessment of the basic properties of its wood. Annual report, Mineograph, Bogor. 21 ppGoogle Scholar
  7. Hamilton LS and Murphy DH (1988) Use and management of nipa palm (Nypa fruticans, Arecaceae): a review. Economic Botany 42(2): 206–213Google Scholar
  8. Heyne K (1950) De Nuttige Planten van Indonesie ed. 3, 1. 383–389. 's-GravenhageGoogle Scholar
  9. Johnson DV (1983) Multipurpose palms in agroforestry: a classification and assessment. Int'l Tree Crops J 2: 217–244Google Scholar
  10. Kartawinata K. Unesco Regional Office, Jl. Thamrin 14, Jakarta, Indonesia (personal communication)Google Scholar
  11. Lorenz C and Priyono R (1986) Kemungkinan pengembangan tanaman aren (Arenga pinnata) di daerah tepi sungi, Wilayah Mahakam Tengah, Kabupaten Kutai, Kalimantan Timur. MS prepared for the Workshop on Integrated Riverbank Farming Systems, Kota Bangun, 8–12 November 1986. TAD, Samarinda, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
  12. Maydell HJ von and Götz E (1985) Palmen in agroforstlichen Landnutzungssystemen der Sahel — und Sudanzone. Mitt. BFH Hamburg,148,Beitr. z. Weltforstwirtschaft (World forestry miscellanea) V: 41–143Google Scholar
  13. Miller RH (1964) The versatile sugar palm. Principes 8(4): 115–147Google Scholar
  14. Mogea JP (1980) Morfologi perbandingan perkecambahan beberapa jenis Palmae. Makalah Seminar Biologi Nasional Ke-4. Bandung, Mimeograph. 10 ppGoogle Scholar
  15. Nair PKR (1979) Intensive multiple cropping with coconuts in India. Principles, programmes and prospects. Berlin and Hamburg: Verlag Paul Parey. 147 pp (= Fortschritte im Acker — und Pflanzenbau. Beih Z Acker — u. Pflanzenbau, 6)Google Scholar
  16. Nurstiyono E (1986) Studi tentang potensi dan pemasaran gula aren (Arenga pinnata) di keluruhan Sei. Pinang Dalam, Kecamatan Samarinda Ilir. Unpubl. Sl-thesis, Mulawarman University, Agriculture Faculty, Samarinda, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
  17. PC.R (1981) SOS untuk Aren. Trubus 12 (140): 304–305Google Scholar
  18. Sadyawati Y (1985) Analisis usaha pengrajin gula merah di Temindung. Unpubl. Sl-thesis, Facultas Ekonomi, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda. 80 ppGoogle Scholar
  19. Smits WTM (1988) ARenga pinnata (Wurmb) Merr. pp 505–55. In: Westphal E and Jansens PCM (eds.) 1989. PROSEA — Plant Resources of South-East-Asia. A selection, Pudoc, Wageningen. 322 ppGoogle Scholar
  20. Sumarni (1987a) Ijuk, hasil sampingan yang mengundang devisa. Trubus 18 (207): 100–101Google Scholar
  21. Sumarni (1987b) Menyiapkan ijuk untuk ekspor. Trubus 18 (207): 100–102Google Scholar
  22. Tammes PML (1933) Observations on the bleeding of palm trees. 514–536. In: Recueil des Travaux Botaniques Néerlandais, V. 30Google Scholar
  23. Uhl NW and Dransfield J (1987) Genera Palmarum. Kansas. 610 ppGoogle Scholar
  24. Vries H (1853) Reinwardt's Reizen naar Nederlands Oost-Indië. 729 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Mogea
    • 1
  • B. Seibert
    • 2
  • W. Smits
    • 3
  1. 1.Herbarium BogorienseBogorIndonesia
  2. 2.GFG-GTZ, Forestry FacultyMulawarman UniversitySamarindaIndonesia
  3. 3.TROPENBOSKaltimIndonesia
  4. 4.WiesbadenGermany

Personalised recommendations