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Climatic Change

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 367–389 | Cite as

Potential CO2-induced climate effects on North American wheat-producing regions

  • Cynthia Rosenzweig
Article

Abstract

The environmental requirements for growth of winter, spring, and fallsown spring wheats in North America are specified and compared to temperature results from the control run of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies general circulation model (GISS GCM) and observed precipitation in order to generate a simulated map of current wheat production regions. The simulation agrees substantially with the actual map of wheat-growing regions in North America. Results from a doubled CO2 run of the climate model are then used to generate wheat regions under the new climatic conditions. In the simulation, areas of production increase in North America, particularly in Canada, due to increased growing degree units (GDU). Although wheat classifications may change, major wheat regions in the United States remain the same under simulated doubled CO2 conditions. The wheat-growing region of Mexico is identified as vulnerable due to high temperature stress. Higher mean temperatures during wheat growth, particularly during the reproductive stages, may increase the need for earlier-maturing, more heat-tolerant cultivars throughout North, America. The soil moisture diagnostic of the climate model is used to analyze potential water availability in the major wheat region of the Southern Great Plains.

Keywords

North America High Temperature Stress Wheat Growth Southern Great Plain Wheat Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cynthia Rosenzweig
    • 1
  1. 1.M/A-COM Sigma Data Services, Corp., NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Institute For Space StudiesNew YorkU.S.A.

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