Higher Education

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 249–261 | Cite as

Student failure: Disintegrated patterns of study strategies and perceptions of the learning environment

  • N. J. Entwistle
  • J. H. F. Meyer
  • Hilary Tait


Data describing students' study orientations, in relation to their evaluations of courses and their preferences for different kinds of learning environment, are reanalysed in the light of recent suggestions that failing students perceive their learning context in atypical ways. Factor analysis and unfolding analysis demonstrate that failing students show inter-relationships between study orientations and preferences for learning environments which point to a disintegration of the coherent patterns previously reported in the full achievement range. The implications of such a disintegration of coherent patterns of perceptions are discussed in the light of case studies of individual students.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. J. Entwistle
    • 1
  • J. H. F. Meyer
    • 2
  • Hilary Tait
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Research on Learning and Instruction, University of EdinburghEdinburghScotland
  2. 2.Teaching Methods Unit, University of Cape TownRondeboschSouth Africa

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