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Policy Sciences

, Volume 22, Issue 3–4, pp 415–436 | Cite as

Language policy and political strategy in India

  • David D. Laitin
Article

Abstract

The official language policy of India is described as a 3 ± 1 language outcome. The central question that guides this paper is to explain why, when Congress leaders attempted to provide for India a single indigenous language for official communication, have they suffered more opposition than have rulers of states that consolidated in earlier centuries? Standard explanations for the different outcome, relying on special attributes of Indian culture and history, are found to be inadequate. A game theoretic analysis of political strategy helps to highlight two variables that best explain India's language outcome: the world historical time of state consolidation; and the nature of politician/bureaucrat relations for postcolonial states.

Keywords

Theoretic Analysis Economic Policy Historical Time Special Attribute Language Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • David D. Laitin
    • 1
  1. 1.Political Science DepartmentUniversity of ChicagoChicagoU.S.A.

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