Genetica

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 285–328 | Cite as

New developments in vertebrate cytotaxonomy III. Karyology of bony fishes: A review

  • L. Sola
  • S. Cataudella
  • E. Capanna
Article

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abe, S. (1972). Notes on the chromosomes of two species of fresh-water cottid fishes.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 13: 25–27.Google Scholar
  2. Abe, S. (1975). Karyotype of 6 species of anabantoid fishes.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 19: 5–7.Google Scholar
  3. Abe, S. (1976). A cytotaxonomical study in some freshwater cottoid fishes (Cottidae, Pisces).Cytologia 41: 323–329.Google Scholar
  4. Abe, S. & J.I.Muramoto (1974). Differential staining of chromosomes of two salmonoid species, Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas) and Salvelinus malma (Walbaum).Proc. Jap. Acad. 50, 7: 507–511.Google Scholar
  5. Agar, W.E. (1913). Transverse segmentation and internal differentiation of chromosomes (Lepidosiren).Q. Л microsc. Sci. 230: 285–298.Google Scholar
  6. Ahmed, M. (1974). A chromosome study of two species of Gobiosoma from Venezuela (Gobiidae: Teleostei).Boln Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. Oriente 13 (1–2): 11–16.Google Scholar
  7. Anders, A., F.Anders, W.Förster, K.Klinke & S.Rase (1969). XX-, XY-, YY- ♀♀ und XX-, XY, YY- ♂♂ bei Platipoecilus maculatus (Poeciliidae).Zool. Anz. 33: 333–339.Google Scholar
  8. Arai, R. (1973). Preliminary notes on chromosomes of the Medaka, Oryzias latipes.Bull. natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 16 (2): 173–176.Google Scholar
  9. Arai, R. & H.Hirano (1974 a). First record of the clariid catfish, Clarias fuscus, from Japan.Jap. J. Ichthyol. 21: 53–60.Google Scholar
  10. Arai, R. & M.Inoue (1975 a). Chromosomes of nine species of Chaetodontidae and one species of Scorpidae from Japan.Bull. natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo Ser. A (Zool.) 1 (4): 217–222.Google Scholar
  11. Arai, R. & M.Inoue (1976 a). Chromosomes of seven species of Pomacentridae and two species of Acanthuridae from Japan.Bull. natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo Ser. A. (Zool.) 2 (1): 74–78.Google Scholar
  12. Arai, R., M.Inoue & H.Ida (1976b). Chromosomes of four species of coral fishes from Japan.Bull. natn. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, Ser. A (Zool.) 2 (2): 137–142.Google Scholar
  13. Arai, R. & I.Katsuyama (1973 a). Notes on the chromosomes of three species of shore-fishes.Bull. natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 16: 405–406.Google Scholar
  14. Arai, R. & I.Katsuyama (1974b). A chromosome study on four species of Japanese catfishes (Pisces, Siluriformes).Bull. natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 17: 187–192.Google Scholar
  15. Arai, R., I.Katsuyama & Y.Sawada (1974 c). Chromosomes of Japanese gobioid fishes (II).Bull. natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 17: 269–274.Google Scholar
  16. Arai, R. & H.Kobayasi (1973 b). A chromosomes study on thirteen species of Japanese gobiid fishes.Jap. J. Ichthyol. 20: 1–6.Google Scholar
  17. Arai, R. & K.Nagaiwa (1976 c). Chromosomes of tetraodontiform fishes from Japan.Bull. natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo Ser. A (Zool.) 2 (1): 59.Google Scholar
  18. Arai, R., K.Nagaiwa & Y.Sawada (1976d). Chromosomes of Chanos chanos (gonorynchiformes, Chanidae).Jap. J. Ichthyol. 22 (4): 241–242.Google Scholar
  19. Arai, R. & Y.Sawada (1974d). Chromosomes of Japanese gobioid fishes. (I).Bull. natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 17: 97–102.Google Scholar
  20. Arai, R. & Y.Sawada (1975b). Chromosomes of Japanese gobioid fishes. (III).Bull. natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo Ser. A (Zool.) 1 (4): 225.Google Scholar
  21. Arai, R. & K.Shiotsuki (1973c). A chromosome study on three species of the tribe Salariini from Japan (Fisces, Blennidae).Bull. natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 16: 581–583.Google Scholar
  22. Arai, R. & J.Shiotsuki (1974e). Chromosomes of six species of Japanese blennioid fishes.Bull. natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo. 17: 261–268.Google Scholar
  23. Ancement, R.J. & J.W.Rachlin (1976). A study of the karyotype of a population of banded killifish (Fundulus diaphanus) from the Hudson river.J. Fish Biol. 8: 119–125.Google Scholar
  24. Astaurov, B.L. (1969). Experimental polyploidy in animals.A. Rev. Genet. 3: 99–126.Google Scholar
  25. Avise, J.C. & J.R.Gold (1977a). Chromosomal divergence and speciation in two families of North American fishes.Evolution 31 (1): 1–13.Google Scholar
  26. Avise, J.C. & J.R.Gold (1977b). Cytogenetic studies in North American minnows (Cyprinidae). IV Somatic polyploidy in Gila bicolor.Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 19 (4): 657.Google Scholar
  27. Badr, E.A. & S.I.El-Dib (1977a). Cytology studies on three species of the cyclid fish.Egypt. J. Genet. Cytol. 6 (1): 44–51.Google Scholar
  28. Badr, E.A. & S.I.El-Dib (1977b). Fixation and staining of Tilapia tissues for chromosome examination.Egypt. J. Genet. Cytol. 6 (1): 172.Google Scholar
  29. Barigozzi, C. (1937). La gametogenesi e la sessualità di Cyprinus carpio var. specularis.Atti Soc. ital. Sci. nat. 76. 88–104.Google Scholar
  30. Barker, C.J. (1972). A method for the display of chromosomes of plaice, Pleuronectes platessa and other marine fishes.Copeia 1972 (2): 365–368.Google Scholar
  31. Barsiene, J. (1978). Ontogenetic variability of the chromosome number of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.).Genetika (Moscow) 14 (11): 2029.Google Scholar
  32. Baumeister, H.G. (1973). Lampbrush chromosomes and RNA synthesis during early oogenesis of Brachidanio rerio (Cyprinidae, Teleostei).Z. Zellforsch. mikrosk. Anat. 145 (1): 145–150.Google Scholar
  33. Beamish, R.J., M.J.Merrilees & E.J.Crossman (1971a). Karyotypes and DNA values for members of suborder Esocoidei (Osteichthyes: Salmoniformes).Chromosoma 34: 436–447.Google Scholar
  34. Beamish, R.J. & R.R.Miller (1977). Cytotaxonomic study of gila trout, Salmo gilae.J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 34 (7): 1041–1045.Google Scholar
  35. Beamish, R.J. & H.Tsuyuki (1971 b). A biochemical and cytological study of the longnose sucker (Catostomus catostomus) and large and dwarf forms of the white sucker (Catostomus commersoni).J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 28: 1745–1748.Google Scholar
  36. Beçak, W., M.L.Beçak & S.Ohno (1966). Interindividual chromosomal polymorphism in green sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus) as evidence of somatic segregation.Cytogenetics 5: 313–320.Google Scholar
  37. Behnke, R.J. (1970). The application of cytogenetic and blochemical systematics to phylogenetic problems in the family Salmonidae.Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 99 (1): 237–248.Google Scholar
  38. Berberovic, Lj. (1967). The data regarding the karyotypes of freshwater fishes of Bosna and Herzegovina.Godisnjak biol. Inst. Saraj. 20: 5–15.Google Scholar
  39. Berberovic, Lj., M.Curic, R.Hadziselimovic & A.Sofradzija (1970). Chromosome complement of Salmothymus obtusirostris oxyrhynchus (Steindachner).Genetika (Moscow) 2 (1): 55–63.Google Scholar
  40. Berberovic, Lj., R.Hadziselimovic & A.Sofradzija (1969a). First contribution to the study of the chromosome complement of the species Paraphoxinus pstrossi and Paraphoxinus metohiensis.Ichthyologia 1 (1): 11–18.Google Scholar
  41. Berberovic, Lj., R.Hadziselimovic & A.Sofradzija (1969b). Chromosome number of the species Paraphoxinus alepidotus (Heckel).Bull scient. Cons. Acads RPF Yougosl. (A) 14 (11–12): 386.Google Scholar
  42. Berberovic, Lj., R.Hadziselomivic, B.Pavlovic & A.Sofradzija (1973). Chromosome set of the species Aulopyge hügeli Heckel 1841.Bull. scient. Cons. Acads RPF Yougosl. (A) 18 (1–3): 10–11.Google Scholar
  43. Berberovic, Lj. & A.Sofradzija (1972). A review of the caryological data regarding fresh-water fishes of Yugoslavia.Ichthyologia 4 (3): 1–21.Google Scholar
  44. Berberovic, Lj. & A.Sofradzija (1974). Basic data about diploid chromosome complement of Phoxinus phoxinus (Cyprinidae, Pisces).Bull. scient. Cons. Acads RPF Yougosl. (A) 19 (5–6): 142–143.Google Scholar
  45. Berberovic, Lj., A.Sofradzija & S.Obradovic (1975). Chromosome complement of Ictalurus nebulosus (Le Sueur), Ictaluridae, Pisces.Bull. scient. Cons. Acads RPF Yougosl. (A) 20 (5–6): 149–150.Google Scholar
  46. Black, A. & W.M.Howell (1978). A distinctive chromosomal race of the cyprinodontid fish, Fundulus notatus, from the upper Tom bigbee river system of Alabama and Mississippi.Copeia 1978: 280–288.Google Scholar
  47. Booke, H.E. (1968). Cytotaxonomic studies of the coregonine fishes of the Great Lakes, USA: DNA and karyotype analysis.J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 25 (8): 1667–1687.Google Scholar
  48. Booke, H.E. (1970). Speciation parameters in coregonine fishes: I. Egg-size, II. Karyotype. In: ‘Biology of coregonid fishes’, eds. C.C.Lindsey & C.S.Woods, Un. Manitoba Press, Winnipeg, Canada, pp. 61–66.Google Scholar
  49. Booke, H.E. (1974). A cytotaxonomic study of the round whitefishes, genus Prosopium.Copeia 1974 (1): 115–119.Google Scholar
  50. Booke, H.E. (1975). Cytotaxonomy of the salmonid fish Stenodus leucichthys.J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 32 (2): 295–296.Google Scholar
  51. Boothroyd, E.R. (1959). Chromosome studies on three Canadian populations of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L.Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 1 (2): 161–172.Google Scholar
  52. Brankovic, M. & B.Soldatovic (1972). Karyotype analysis of the minnow Phoxinus phoxinus L. from lake Vlasina.Acta vet., Beogr. 22 (6): 275–277.Google Scholar
  53. Burtzev, I.A., L.J.Nikoljukin & E.V.Serebryakova (1976). Karyology of the Acipenseridae family in relation to the hybridization and taxonomy problems.Ichthyologia 8 (1): 27–34.Google Scholar
  54. Calton, M.S. & T.E.Denton (1974). Chromosomes of the chocolate gourami: a cytogenetic anomaly.Science 185: 618–620.Google Scholar
  55. Campos, H.H. (1972). Karyology of three galaxiid fishes Galaxias maculatus G. platei and Brachygalaxias bullocki.Copeia 1972 (2): 368–370.Google Scholar
  56. Campos, H.H. & C.Hubbs (1971). Cytomorphology of six species of gambusiine fishes.Copeia 1971 (3): 566–569.Google Scholar
  57. Campos, H.H. & C.Hubbs (1973). Taxonomic implications of the karyotype of Opsopoeodus emiliae.Copeia 1972 (2): 161–163.Google Scholar
  58. Capanna, E. & S.Cataudella (1973a). The chromosomes of Calamoichthys calabarieus (Pisces, Polypteriformes).Experientia 29: 491–492.Google Scholar
  59. Capanna, E., S.Cataudella & T.G.deFronza (1973b). Some remarks on the karyotype of an intergeneric hybrid, Salmo trutta × Salvelinus fontinalis (Pisces: Salmoniformes).Genetica 44: 194–206.Google Scholar
  60. Capanna, E., S.Cataudella & R.Volpe (1971). Osservazioni morfologiche e cariologiche su di un ibrido Salmo trutta × Salvelinus fontinalis.Boll. Pesca Piscic. Idrobiol. 26 (1–2): 245–257.Google Scholar
  61. Capanna, E., S.Cataudella & R.Volpe (1974). Un ibrido intergenerico tra trota iridea e salmerino di fonte (Salmo gairdneri × Salvelinus fontinalis).Boll. Pesca Piscic. Idrobiol. 29 (2): 101–106.Google Scholar
  62. Cataudella, S. & E.Capanna (1973a). Chromosome complements of three species of Mugilidae (Pisces, Perciformes).Experientia 29: 489–491.Google Scholar
  63. Cataudella, S. & M.V.Civitelli (1975a). Cytotaxonomical consideration of the genus Blennius (Pisces, Perciformes).Experientia 31: 167–169.Google Scholar
  64. Cataudella, S., M.V.Civitelli & E.Capanna (1973b). The chromosomes of some Mediterranean teleosts: Scorpaenidae, Serranidae, Labridae, Blenniidae, Gobiidae (Pisces — Scorpaeniformes, Perciformes).Boll. Zool. 40: 385–389.Google Scholar
  65. Cataudella, S., M.V.Civitelli & E.Capanna (1974). Chromosome complements of the Mediterranean mullets (Pisces, Perciformes).Caryologia 27: 93–105.Google Scholar
  66. Cataudella, S., M.V.Civitelli, N.Martinelli & E.Capanna (1975b). Notizie preliminari sulla costituzione cariologica dell'ibrido intergenerico Salmo gairdneri × Salvelinus fontinalis (Pisces, Salmoniformes).Atti Accad. naz. Lincei, Ser. VIII, LVIII: 258–262.Google Scholar
  67. Cataudella, S. & L.Sola (1977a). Sex chromosomes of the mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis): an interesting problem for American ichthyologists.Copeia 1977 (2): 381–384.Google Scholar
  68. Cataudella, S., L.Sola, R. AccameMuratori & E.Capanna (1977b). The chromosomes of 11 species of Ciprinidae and one Cobitidae from Italy, with some remarks on the problem of polyploidy in the Cypriniformes.Genetica 47 (3): 161–171.Google Scholar
  69. Cataudella, S., L.Sola & E.Capanna (1978). Remarks on the karyotype of the Polypteriformes. The chromosomes of Polypterus delhezi, P. endlicheri congicus and P. palmas.Experientia 34: 999–1000.Google Scholar
  70. Chatterjee, K. & A.Majhi (1973). Chromosomes of Mugil parsia Hamilton (Teleostei, Mugiliformes: Mugilidae).Genen Phaenen 16 (2): 51–54.Google Scholar
  71. Chen, T.R. (1968). Comparative karyology of selected deepsea and shallow-water teleost fishes.Diss. Abstr. 28 B: 4343–4344.Google Scholar
  72. Chen, T.R. (1969). Karyological heterogamety of deep-sea fishes.Postilla 130: 1–29.Google Scholar
  73. Chen, T.R. (1970). Fish chromosome preparation: air-dried displays of cultured ovarian cells in two killifishes (Fundulus).J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 27: 158–161.Google Scholar
  74. Chen, T.R. (1971). A comparative chromosome study of twenty killifish species of genus Fundulus (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae).Chromosoma 32: 436–453.Google Scholar
  75. Chen, T.R. & A.W.Ebeling (1966). Probable male heterogamety in the deep-sea fish Bathylagus wesethi (Teleostei: Bathylagidae).Chromosoma 18: 88–96.Google Scholar
  76. Chen, T.R. & A.W.Ebeling (1968). Karyological evidence of female heterogamety in the mosquitofish Gambusia affinis.Copeia 1968: 70–75.Google Scholar
  77. Chen, T.R. & A.W.Ebeling (1971). Chromosomes of the goby fishes in the genus Gillichthys.Copeia 1971: 171–174.Google Scholar
  78. Chen, T.R. & A.W.Ebeling (1974). Cytotaxonomy of Californian myctophoid fishes.Copeia 1974 (4): 839–847.Google Scholar
  79. Chen, T.R. & A.W.Ebeling (1975). Karyotypes from short- and long-term cultures of hybrid killifish and platyfish tissues.Copeia 1975 (1): 178–181.Google Scholar
  80. Chen, T.R. & H.M.Reisman (1970a). A comparative chromosome study of the North American species of sticklebacks (Teleostei: Gasteroidae).Cytogenetics 9: 331–332.Google Scholar
  81. Chen, T.R. & F.M.Ruddle (1970b). A chromosome study of four species and a hybrid of the killifish genus Fundulus (Cyprinodontidae).Chromosoma 29: 255–267.Google Scholar
  82. Cherfas, N.B. (1966). Natural triploidy in females of the unisexual form of the goldfish (Carassius auratus gibelio Bloch).Genetika (Moscow) 1966: 16–24.Google Scholar
  83. Cherfas, N.B. (1972). Results of a cytological analysis of unisexual and bisexual forms of silver crucian carp.Israel Progm scient. Transl. Jerusalem No 6004 24: 79–90.Google Scholar
  84. Chernenko, Y.V. (1968). Karyotypes of dwarf (residual) and anadromus forms of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka (Walb.)) from Lake Dalmce (Kamchatka).Probl. Ichthyol. 8: 668–677.Google Scholar
  85. Chernenko, Y.V. (1972). Evolution and cytotaxonomy of the family Salmonidae.Probl. Ichthyol. 9 (6): 781–788.Google Scholar
  86. Chiarelli, B., O.Ferrantelli & C.Cucchi (1969a). The karyotype of some teleostean fish obtained by tissue culture in vitro.Experientia 25: 426–427.Google Scholar
  87. Chiarelli, B., O.Ferrantelli, C.Rossi & C.Cucchi (1969). Dati preliminari sulla cariologia degli Attinopterigi.Boll. Zool. 35: 331–332.Google Scholar
  88. Cimino, M.C. (1971). Meiotic mechanisms and cytogenetics of a unisexual-bisexual complex of the viviparous fish Poeciliopsis.Diss. Abstr. 32 (5) B: 2531–2532.Google Scholar
  89. Cimino, M.C. (1972a). Egg-production, polyploidization and evolution in a diploid all-female fish of the genus Poeciliopsis.Evolution 26 (2): 294–306.Google Scholar
  90. Cimino, M.C. (1972b). Meiosis in triploid all-female fish (Poeciliopsis, Poeciliidae).Science 175: 1484–1486.Google Scholar
  91. Cimino, M.C. (1973). Karyotypes and erythrocyte sizes of some diploid and triploid fishes of the genus Poeciliopsis.J. Fish. Res Bd Can. 30 (11): 1736–1737.Google Scholar
  92. Cook, P.C. (1978). Karyotopic analysis of the gobiid fish genus Quietula Jordan and Evermann.J. Fish. Biol. 12 (2): 173–179.Google Scholar
  93. Cucchi, C. (1970). Il cariotipo di Ictalurus sp. delle acque del ferrarese.Atti Acc. Sci. Ferrara 45, 46: 1.Google Scholar
  94. Cucchi, C. & G.Morittu (1969). Il cariotipo di Anguilla anguilla delle acque delle valli di Comacchio.Annali Univ. Ferrara 2: 151–155.Google Scholar
  95. Cuellar, O. & T.Uyeno (1972). Triploidy in rainbow trout.Cytogenetics 11: 508–515.Google Scholar
  96. Das, R.K. & R.N.Kar (1977). Somatic chromosome analysis of a siluroid fish, Rita chrysea.Caryologia 30 (3): 247–253.Google Scholar
  97. Davisson, M.T. (1972). Karyotypes of the teleost family Esocidae.J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 29: 579–582.Google Scholar
  98. Davisson, M.T., J.E.Wright & L.M.Atherton (1972a). Centric fusion and trisomy for the LDH-B locus in brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis.Science 178: 992–994.Google Scholar
  99. Davisson, M.T., J.E.Wright & L.M.Atherton (1972b). Cytogenetic analysis of pseudolinkage of LDH loci in the teleost genus Salvelinus.Genetics 73: 645–658.Google Scholar
  100. Denton, T.E. & W.M.Howell (1969). A technique for obtaining chromosomes from the scale epithelium of teleost fishes.Copeia 1969: 392–393.Google Scholar
  101. Denton, T.E. & W.M.Howell (1973). Chromosomes of the African polypterid fishes, Polypterus palmas and Calamoichthys calabaricus (Pisces: Brachiopterygii).Experientia 29: 122–124.Google Scholar
  102. Dewald, G.W. (1971). Karyotypes for two species of North Dakota cyprinids.Proc. N. Dak. Acad. Sci. 25 (1): 6.Google Scholar
  103. Dingerkus, G. & W.M.Howell (1976). Karyotypic analysis and evidence of tetraploidy in the North American Paddlefish, Polyodon spatula.Science 194: 842.Google Scholar
  104. Dorofeeva, E.A. (1967). Chromosome complexes of Salmo ischchan Kessler in connection with the karyotaxonomy of Salmonidae.Zool. Zh. 46: 248–253.Google Scholar
  105. Drewry, G.E. (1964). App. I Chromosome number.Bull. Tex. Mem. Mus. 8: 67–69.Google Scholar
  106. Dzwillo, M. & C.D.Zander (1967). Geschlechtsbestimmung und Geschlechtsumstimmung bei Zahnkarpfen (Pisces).Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst. 64: 147–162.Google Scholar
  107. Ebeling, A.W., N.B.Atkin & P.Y.Setzer (1971a). Genome sizes of teleostean fishes: increases in some deep-sea species.Am. Nat. 105: 549–561.Google Scholar
  108. Ebeling, A.W. & T.R.Chen (1970). Heterogamety in teleostean fishes.Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 99 (1): 131–138.Google Scholar
  109. Ebeling, A.W. & P.Y.Setzer (1971b). Cytological confirmation of female homogamety in the deep-sea fish Bathylagus milleri.Copeia 1971: 560–562.Google Scholar
  110. Endo, A. & T.H.Ingalls (1968). Chromosomes of the zebra fish: a model for cytogenetic, embryologic and ecologic study.J. Hered. 59: 382–384.Google Scholar
  111. Ferrantelli, O., B.Chiarelli & C.Cucchi (1968). Colture ‘in vitro’ di tessuti di pesce: risultati preliminari.Boll. Soc. ital. Biol. sper. 44: 1165–1166.Google Scholar
  112. Fisher, P.B. & J.W.Rachlin (1972). Karyotypic analysis of 2 sympatric species of fish, Fundulus heteroclitus and F. majalis.J. Fish Biol. 4 (1): 67–71.Google Scholar
  113. Fitzsimons, J.M. (1971). Comparative behavior and systematics of two genera of godeid fishes (Atheriniformes, Cyprinodontoidei) from the Mexican Plateau.Diss. Abstr. Int. 31 (12) B: 7686–7687.Google Scholar
  114. Fitzsimons, J.M. (1972). A revision of two genera of godeid fishes (Cyprinodontiformes, Osteichthyes) from the Mexican Plateau.Copeia 1972 (4): 728–756.Google Scholar
  115. Fitzsimons, J.M. (1974). Morphological and behavioral intermediacy in hybrids of two species of godeid fishes (Cyprinodontiformes: Osteichthyes) from Mexico.Copeia 1974 (4): 848–855.Google Scholar
  116. Foley, J.O. (1926). The spermatogenesis of Umbra limi with special reference to the behavior of the spermatogonial chromosomes and the first maturation division.Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab. Woods Hole 50: 117–147.Google Scholar
  117. Fontana, F., B.Chiarelli & A.Rossi (1970a). II cariotipo di alcune specie di Cyprinidae, Centrarchidae, Characidae studiate mediante colture in vitro.Caryologia 23 (4): 549–564.Google Scholar
  118. Fontana, F. & G.Colombo (1974). The chromosomes of Italian sturgeons.Experientia 26: 1021.Google Scholar
  119. Fontana, F., L.Lamberti & M.Monchietto (1970b). Un metodo rapido per ottenere cromosomi somatici dall'epitelio delle scaglie di pesci.Boll. Soc. ital. Biol. sper. 46: 876–878.Google Scholar
  120. Förster, W. & F.Anders (1977). Chromosome complements from different subspecies and species of Xiphophorus.Zool. Anz. 198 (3–4): 167–177.Google Scholar
  121. Freye, H.A. & K.Zernahle (1967). The chromosomes of Xiphophorus helleri, Platypoecilus maculatus and hybrids.Biol. Zbl. 86: 267–275.Google Scholar
  122. Friedman, B. & M.Gordon (1934). Chromosome numbers in xiphophorin fishes.Am. Nat. 68: 446–455.Google Scholar
  123. Fujioka, Y. (1973). A comparative study of the chromosomes in Japanese freshwater fishes. I. A study of the somatic chromosomes of common catfish Parasilurus asotus (L.) and fork-tailed bullhead Pelteobagrus nudiceps (Sauvage).Bull. Fac. Educ. Yamaguchi Univ. 23 (2): 191–195.Google Scholar
  124. Fukuoka, H. (1972a). Chromosome-number variations in the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri irideus (Gibbons)).Jap. J. Genet. 47: 455–458.Google Scholar
  125. Fukuoka, H. (1972b). Chromosomes of the sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka).Jap. J. Genet. 47: 459–464.Google Scholar
  126. Fukuoka, H. & H.Niiyama (1970). Notes on the somatic chromosomes of ten species of pleuronectid fishes.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 11: 18–19.Google Scholar
  127. Gas, M. (1970). Revue bibliographique sur la caryologie des téléostéens. Etude critique des méthodes employées et des résultats obtenus.Biologie méd. 59: 54–81.Google Scholar
  128. Gee, P.A. & K.L.Moore (1970). Chromatin patterns in fishes with emphasis on sexual dimorphism.Can. J. Zool. 48: 1283–1286.Google Scholar
  129. Geiser, S.W. (1924). Sex ratios and spermatogenesis in the top-minnow Gambousia holbrooki Grd.Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 47: 175–212.Google Scholar
  130. Giedrem, T., A.Eggum & T.Refstie (1977). Chromosomes of some salmonids and salmonid hybrids.Aquaculture 11 (4): 329–334.Google Scholar
  131. Gold, J.R. (1975). Phenetics and genetics of High Sierran golden trout (Salmo aguabonita).Calif. Nev. Wildl.: 13–26.Google Scholar
  132. Gold, J.R. (1977). Systematics of Western North American Trout (Salmo) with notes on the redband trout of Sheep-heaven Creek California.Can. J. Zool. 55, 11: 1858.Google Scholar
  133. Gold, J.R. & J.C.Avise (1977a). Cytogenetic studies in North American minnows (Cyprinidae) I Karyology of nine Californian genera.Copeia 1977 (3): 541–549.Google Scholar
  134. Gold, J.R., J.C.Avise & G.A.E.Gall (1977b). Chromosome cytology in the cutthroat trout series Salmo clarkii (Salmonoideae).Cytologia 42: 377–382.Google Scholar
  135. Gold, J.R. & G.A.E.Gall (1975). Chromosome cytology and polymorphism in the California High Sierra golden trout (Salmo aguabonita).Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 17: 41–53.Google Scholar
  136. Gorshokova, G.V. (1978). Chromosome sets in the seasonal races of sockeye salmon (Onchorhynchus nerka) from Lake Azabach'e (Kamchatka).Zool. Zh. 57 (9): 1382–1389.Google Scholar
  137. Grammeltvedt, A.F. (1974). A method of obtaining chromosome preparations from rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) by leucocyte culture.Norw. J. Zool. 22: 129–134.Google Scholar
  138. Grammeltvedt, A.F. (1975). Chromosomes of salmon (Salmo salar) by leukocyte culture.Aquaculture 5: 205–209.Google Scholar
  139. Gravell, M. & R.G.Malsberger. (1965). A permanent cell line from the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas).Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 126: 555–565.Google Scholar
  140. Greenfield, D.W., F.Abdei-Hameed, G.D.Deckert & R.R.Flinn (1973). Hybridization between Chrosomus erythrogaster and Notropis cornutus (Pisces: Cyprinidae).Copeia 1973 (1): 54–59.Google Scholar
  141. Greenfield, D.W. & T.Greenfield (1972). Introgressive hybridization between Gila orcutti and Hesperoleucus symmetricus (Pisces: Cyprinidae) in the Cuyama River Basin, California: Meristics, morphometrics and breeding.Copeia 1972 (4): 849–859.Google Scholar
  142. Grimm, H. (1972). Cytologische untersuchungen an west-afrikanischen Zahnkarpfen der Gattungen Aphyosemion Myers, 1924 und Roloffia Stenholt Clausen, 1966. (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae).Mitt. hamb. Zool. Mus. Inst. 68: 195–205.Google Scholar
  143. Gyldenholm, A.O. & J.J.Scheel (1971). Chromosome numbers of fishes I.J. Fish Biol. 3: 479–486.Google Scholar
  144. Hann, H. (1927). The history of the germ cells of Cottus bairdii Girard.J. Morph. 43: 427–480.Google Scholar
  145. Hayashi, M., Y.Ojima & N.Asano (1976). A cell line from teleost fish: establishment and cytogenetical characterization of the cells.Jap. J Genet. 51, 1: 65–68.Google Scholar
  146. Heckman, J.R., F.W.Allendorf & J.E.Wright (1971). Trout leukocytes: growth in oxygenated cultures.Science 173: 246–247.Google Scholar
  147. Hinegardner, R. & D.E.Rosen (1972). Cellular DNA content and the evolution of teleostean fishes.Am. Nat. 106: 621–644.Google Scholar
  148. Hitotsumachi, S., M.Sasaki & Y.Ojima (1969). A comparative karyotype study in several species of Japanese loaches (Pisces, Cobitidae).Jap. J. Genet. 44: 157–161.Google Scholar
  149. Howell, W.M. (1972). Somatic chromosomes of the blackghost knifefish, Apteronotus albifrons (Pisces: Apteronotidae).Copeia 1972: 191–193.Google Scholar
  150. Howell, W.M. & S.E.Bloom (1973). Sex associated differential fluorescence of mudminnow chromosomes and spermatozoa.Nature 245: 261–263.Google Scholar
  151. Howell, W.H. & J.Villa (1976). Chromosomal homogeneity in two sympatric cyprinid fishes of the genus Rhinichthys.Copeia 1976 (1): 112–116.Google Scholar
  152. Hubbs, C. & G.E. Drewry (1964). Interactions between a bisexual fish species and its gynogenetic sexual parasite.Bull. Tex. Mem. Mus. no 8: 1–72.Google Scholar
  153. Ida, H., M.Murofushi, S.Fujiwara & K.Fujino (1978). Preparation of fish chromosomes by in vitro colchicine treatment.Jap. J. Ichthyol. 24 (4): 281–284.Google Scholar
  154. Iriki, S.H. (1932a). Preliminary notes on the chromosomes of Pisces. Aplocheilus latipes and Lebistes reticulatus.Proc. Imp. Acad. Japan 8: 262–263.Google Scholar
  155. Iriki, S.H. (1932b). On the chromosomes of Aplocheilus latipes.Sci. Rep. Tokyo Bunrika Daig. Section B. 1: 127–131.Google Scholar
  156. Itahashi, M. & H.Kawase (1975). Karyotype analysis in five species belonging to Cyprinodontidae, Teleostomi.Bull. Aichi Gakugei Univ. 24: 153–160.Google Scholar
  157. Itoh, Y. & H.Niiyama (1972). Comparative chromosome study of two cyprinid fish, ugui, Tribolodon hakonensis (Günther) and ezo-ugui T.ezoe Okada et Ikeda.Bull. Fac. Fish. Hokkaido Univ. 23: 73–76.Google Scholar
  158. Ivanov, V.N. (1969a). Chromosomes of Black Sea flatfish Rhombus maeoticus (Pallas).Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 187 (6): 1397–1399.Google Scholar
  159. Ivanov, V.N. (1969b). Chromosomes in embryonic cells of the Black Sea anchovy.Tsitol. Genet. 3: 285–287.Google Scholar
  160. Jong, C.M.B.de (1955). Cytological studies on Salmo irideus.Genetica 27: 472–483.Google Scholar
  161. Kajdanova, T.L. (1974a). A study of chromosomal polymorphism in the population of rainbow (Salmo irideus G.) and brook (Salmo truttam.fario) trouts.Izv. Gosniorkh 97: 155–178.Google Scholar
  162. Kajdanova, T.J. (1974b). Karyosystematics and polymorphism of chromosome complexes in the family Salmonidae. In ‘Problems of fishery development in water storage reservoirs’, ed. G.P. Kozhevnikova. Moscow pp. 145–155.Google Scholar
  163. Kajdanova, T.J. (1975). A karyotype study in the brook trout Salmo trutta m. fario L. from the Rojsha population.Vop. Ikhtiol. 15 (6): 1124–1128.Google Scholar
  164. Kallman, K.D. & D.W.Atz (1967). Gene and chromosome homology in fishes of the genus Xiphophorus.Zoologica, N.Y. 51: 107–135.Google Scholar
  165. Kang, Y.S. & E.H.Park (1971). Cytogenetic studies on the Korean freshwater fishes.MOST Report (Korea) R 71–78: 1–18.Google Scholar
  166. Kang, Y.S. & E.H.Park (1973a). Somatic chromosomes of Manchurian trout, Brachymystax lenok (Salmonidae).Chrom. Inf. Serv. 15: 10–11.Google Scholar
  167. Kang, Y.S. & E.H.Park (1973b). Studies on the karyotypes and comparative DNA values in several Korean cyprinid fishes.Korean J. Zool. 16: 97–108.Google Scholar
  168. Kang, Y.S. & E.H.Park (1974). Studies on the chromosomes and relative DNA values in four species of the family Cyprinidae of Korean freshwaters.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 16: 24–26.Google Scholar
  169. Kang, Y.S. & E.H.Park (1975a). Eel leukocytes culture without autologous serum.Jap. J. Genet. 50 (2): 159–161.Google Scholar
  170. Kang, Y.S. & E.H.Park (1975b). Chromosomal homology between mandarin and yellow mandarin fishes (Siniperca scherzeri; Pisces Serranidae).Jap. J. Genet. 50 (2): 162–165.Google Scholar
  171. Karbe, L. (1961). Cytologische Untersuchungen der Sterilitätserscheinungen bei Anatolischen Zahnkarpfen, ein Beitrag zum Speziationsproblem.Mitt. hamb. Zool. Mus. Inst. 59: 73–104.Google Scholar
  172. Karbe, L. (1964). Die Chromosomenverhältnisse bei den Coregonen des Bodensees und einiger weiterer voralpiner Eisseen, ein Beitrag zum problem der Speziation in der Gattung Coregonus.Z. zool. Syst. Evol-Forsch. 2: 18–40.Google Scholar
  173. Katayame, M. (1937). On the spermatogenesis of the Teleost Oryzias latipes.Bull. Jap. Soc. scient. Fish. 5: 277–278.Google Scholar
  174. Kaur, D. & M.D.L.Srivastava (1965). The structure and behaviour of chromosomes in five fresh-water teleosts.Caryologia 18 (2): 181–191.Google Scholar
  175. Kelly, R.K. & P.C.Loh (1973). Some properties of an established fish cell line from Xiphophorus helleri (red swordtail).In Vitro 9: 73–80.Google Scholar
  176. Khuda-Bukhsh, A.R. (1978). Somatic chromosomes of an estuarine fish Trypaucher vagina (Gobiidae) from Sagar Island, West Bengal, India.Curr. Sci. 47, 4: 137.Google Scholar
  177. Khuda-Bukhsh, A.R. & G.K.Manna (1974). Somatic chromosomes in seven species of teleostean fishes.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 17: 5–6.Google Scholar
  178. Kirpichnikov, V.S. (1973). On karyotype evolution in Cyclostomata and Pisces.Ichthyologia 5 (1): 55–77.Google Scholar
  179. Kitada, J. & M.Tagawa (1972). On the chromosomes of the ricefield eel (Fluta alba = Monopterus albus).Kromosomo 88–89: 2804–2807.Google Scholar
  180. Kligerman, A.D. & S.E.Bloom (1976). Sister chromatid differentiation and exchanges in adult mudminnows (Umbra limi) after in vivo exposure to 5-Bromodeoxyuridine.Chromosoma 56: 101–109.Google Scholar
  181. Kligerman, A.D. & S.E.Bloom (1977). Rapid chromosomes preparations from solid tissues of fishes.J. Fish. Res. Bd Canada 34 (2): 266–269.Google Scholar
  182. Kligerman, A.D., S.E.Bloom & W.M.Howell (1975). Umbra limi: a model for the study of chromosome aberration in fishes.Mutation Res. 31: 225–233.Google Scholar
  183. Kobayasi, H. (1965). A chromosome study in funa-loach hybrids.Zool. Mag., Tokyo 74: 261–267.Google Scholar
  184. Kobayasi, H. (1971). A cytological study on gynogenesis of the triploid ginbuna (Carassius auratus langsdorfi).Zool. Mag., Tokyo 80 (9): 316–322.Google Scholar
  185. Kobayasi, H. (1977). Comparative study of karyotypes in the small and large reces of spinous loaches (Cobitis biwae).Zool. Mag., Tokyo 85 (1): 84–87.Google Scholar
  186. Kobayasi, H. (1977). Hybridization in Japanese funa, Carassius auratus.Proc. V Jap.-Soviet Symp. Aquaculture, Sept. 1976, Tokyo: 193–208.Google Scholar
  187. Kobayasi, H., Y.Kawashima & N.Takeuchi (1970). Comparative chromosome studies in the genus Carassius especially with a finding of polyploidy in the ginbuna (C. auratus langsdorfii).Jap. J. Ichthyol. 17: 153–160.Google Scholar
  188. Kobayasi, H., K.Nakano & M.Nakamura (1977). On the hybrids 4n ginbuna (Carassius auratus langsdorfii) × kinbuna (C. auratus subsp.) and their chromosomes.Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 43 (1): 31–37.Google Scholar
  189. Kobayasi, H. & N.Ochi (1972). Chromosome studies of the hybrids, ginbuna (Carassius auratus langsdorfii) × kinbuna (C. auratus subsp.) and ginbuna × loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus).Zool. Mag. 81: 67–71.Google Scholar
  190. Kobayasi, H., H.Ochi & N.Takeuchi (1973a). Chromosome studies of the silver crucian carps (Carassius auratus gibelio) from the valley of the Amur river, and their progenies.Jap. Women's Univ. J. (Home Economics) 20: 83–88.Google Scholar
  191. Kobayasi, H., H.Ochi & N.Takeuchi (1973b). Chromosome studies in the genus Carassius: comparison of C. auratus grandoculis, C. auratus buergeri, and C. auratus langsdorfii.Jap. J. Ichthyiol. 20: 7–12.Google Scholar
  192. Kulikova, N.I. (1971). Interspecific variability of karyotypes of the chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta (Walb.)).J. Ichthyol. 11 (6): 977–983.Google Scholar
  193. Kupka, E. (1948). Chromosomale Verschiedenheiten bei schweizerischen Coregonen.Revue suisse Zool. 55: 285–293.Google Scholar
  194. Labat, R., G.Larrouy & L.Malaspina (1967). Technique de culture de leucocytes de Cyprinus carpio L.C. R. hebd. Séanc. Acad. Sci., Paris 264: 2473–2475.Google Scholar
  195. Legendre, P. & D.M.Steven (1969). Denombrement des chromosomes chez quelques cyprins.Naturaliste can. 96: 913–918.Google Scholar
  196. LeGrande, W.H. (1975). Karyology of six species of Louisiana flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes: Osteichthyes).Copeia 1975 (3): 516–522.Google Scholar
  197. LeGrande, W.H. & J.M.Fitzsimons (1976). Karyology of the mullets Mugil curema and M. cephalus (Perciformes: Mugilidae) from Louisíana.Copeia 1976 (2): 388–391.Google Scholar
  198. Levin, C.B. & N.R.Foster (1972). Cytotaxonomics studies in Cyprinodontinae: multiple sex-chromosomes in Garmanella pulchra.Notul. Nat. 446: 1–5.Google Scholar
  199. Lieder, U. (1953). Chromosomenstudien an Knochenfischen. I. Die Chromosomen des Hechtes (Esox lucius L.) in den embryonalen Mitosen.Z. Fisch. 2: 417–418.Google Scholar
  200. Lieder, U. (1954a). Chromosomenstudien an Knochenfischen. II. Uber die Chromosomenzahl und Morphologie der Plötze (Leuciscus rutilus L.) und einiger ihrer Bastarde mit anderen Cypriniden.Z. Fisch. 3: 375–382.Google Scholar
  201. Lieder, U. (1954b). Chromosomenstudien an Knochenfischen. III. Über den Einfluss anormaler Temperaturen auf die Mitoseverhältnisse in Fischen.Z. Fisch. 3: 479–488.Google Scholar
  202. Lieder, U. (1956). Chromosomenstudien an Knochenfischen. IV. Die Chromosomenverhältnisse bei der Regenbogenund Bachforelle und ihren Bastarden.Z. Fisch. 4: 589–594.Google Scholar
  203. Lieder, U. (1959). Die Chromosomenhältnisse von Esox lucius L., Perca fluviatilis L. und Lucioperca lucioperca L. (Vertebrata, Pisces).Arch. Zool. 2 Ser. 12: 123–126.Google Scholar
  204. Lieder, U. (1963). On presumptive sex chromosomes in Perca, Acerina and Anguilla.Biol. Zbl. 82 (3): 296–302.Google Scholar
  205. Lieder, U. (1964a). Über den gegenwärtigen Stand und die Methodik der Chromosomenuntersuchungen bei Fischen.Z. Fisch. 11: 673–684.Google Scholar
  206. Lieder, U. (1964b). Polyploidisierungsversuche bei Fischen mittels Temperaturschock und Colchizinbehandlung.Z. Fisch. 12: 247–257.Google Scholar
  207. Lieppman, M. & C. Hubbs (1969). A karyological analysis of two cyprinid fish Notemigorus crysoleucas and Notropis lutrensis.Tex. Rep. Biol. Med. (2): 427–435.Google Scholar
  208. Lueken, W. (1962). Chromosomenzahl bei Orestias (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae)Mitt. hamb. Zool. Mus. Inst. 60: 195–198.Google Scholar
  209. Lueken, W. & W.Foerster (1969). Chromosome studies on fish, using a simplified cell culture technique.Zool. Anz. 183: 168–176.Google Scholar
  210. Makino, S. (1934a). The chromosomes of sticklebacks, Pungitius tymensis and P. pungitius.Cytologia 5: 155–168.Google Scholar
  211. Makino, S. (1934b). Notes on the chromosomes of some fresh-water teleosts.Jap. J. Genet. 9 (2): 100–103.Google Scholar
  212. Makino, S. (1937). Notes on the chromosomes of some teleost fishes.Zool. Mag., Tokyo 49: 75–76.Google Scholar
  213. Makino, S. (1939). The chromosomes of the carp (Cyprinus carpio), including those of some related species of Cyprinidae for comparison.Cytologia 9: 430–440.Google Scholar
  214. Makino, S. (1941a). The chromosomal relation between the two allied species of the loach (Cobitidae-Pisces).Cytologia 12: 79–82.Google Scholar
  215. Makino, S. (1941b). A karyological study of goldfish of Japan.Cytologia 12: 96–111.Google Scholar
  216. Makino, S. (1951).An atlas of the chromosome numbers in animals. Iowa State College Press.Google Scholar
  217. Manna, G.K. & A.R.Khuda-Bukhsh (1974a). Somatic chromosomes of 2 hybrid carps.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 16: 26–28.Google Scholar
  218. Manna, G.K. & A.R.Khuda-Bukhsh (1977a). A check-list of chromosomes in cyprinid fishes.J. zool. Res. 1 (2): 34–43.Google Scholar
  219. Manna, G.K. & A.R.Khuda-Bukhsh (1977b). Karyomorphology of Cyprinid fishes and cytological evaluation of the family.Nucleus, Calcutta 20 (1–2): 119–127.Google Scholar
  220. Manna, G.K. & A.R.Khuda-Bukhsh (1978). Karyomorphological studies in three species of teleostean fishes.Cytologia 43 (17): 69–73.Google Scholar
  221. Manna, G.K. & R.Prasad (1973). Chromosomes in three species of fish (Channa).Nucleus Calcutta 16 (3): 150–157.Google Scholar
  222. Manna, G.K. & R.Prasad (1974b). Chromosome analysis in three species of fishes belonging to family Gobiidae.Cytologia 39: 609–618.Google Scholar
  223. Manna, G.K. & R.Prasad (1977c). Chromosome analysis in five species of fresh water fishes.Nucleus, Calcutta 20 (3): 264–271.Google Scholar
  224. Mayers, L.J. (1971). Chromosome analysis of some members of the genus Salvelinus.Diss. Abstr. 32 (5): 3079 B.Google Scholar
  225. Mayers, L.J. & F.L.Roberts (1969). Chromosomal homogeneity of five populations of alewives Alosa pseudoharengus.Copeia 1969: 313–317.Google Scholar
  226. McGregor, J.F. (1970). The chromosomes of the maskinonge (Esox masquinongy).Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 12: 224–229.Google Scholar
  227. McPhail, J.D. & R.L.Jones (1966). A simple technique for obtaining chromosomes from teleost fishes.J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 23: 767–768.Google Scholar
  228. Mednikov, B.M., Yu.S.Reshetnikov & K.A.Sawaitova (1977a). Molecular DNA hybridization: an approach to disputable issues in fish taxonomy.Cybium 1: 111–119.Google Scholar
  229. Mednikov, B.M., Yu.S.Reshetnikov & E.A.Shubina (1977b). A study of genetic relationships within the family Coregonidae by molecular DNA hybridization.Zool. Zh. 56 (3): 333–341.Google Scholar
  230. Merlo, S. (1957). Osservazioni cariologiche su Salmo carpio.Boll. Zool. 24: 253–258.Google Scholar
  231. Merrilees, M.J. (1975). Karyotype of Galaxias maculatus from New Zealand.Copeia 1975 (1): 176–178.Google Scholar
  232. Meyer, H. (1938). Investigations concerning the reproductive behaviour of Mollienesia ‘formosa’.J. Genet. 36 (3): 329–366.Google Scholar
  233. Michele, J.L. & C.S.Takahashi (1977a). Comparative cytology of Tilapia rendalli and Geophagus brasilliensis (Cichlidae, Pisces).Cytologia 42 (3–4): 535–537.Google Scholar
  234. Michele, J.L., C.S.Takahashi & I.Ferrari (1977b). Karyotypic study of some species of the family Loricariidae (Pisces).Cytologia 42, 3–4: 539–546.Google Scholar
  235. Miller, R.R. (1972). Classification of the native trouts of Arizona with the description of a new species, Salmo apache.Copeia 1972 (3): 401–422.Google Scholar
  236. Miller, R.R. & J.M.Fitzsimons (1971). Ameca splendens, a new genus and species of Goodeid fish from western Mexico, with remarks on the classification of the Goodeidae.Copeia 1971 (1): 1–13.Google Scholar
  237. Moenkhaus, W.J. (1904). The development of the hybrid between Fundulus heteroclitus and Menidia notata with special reference to the behaviour of the maternal and paternal chromatin.Am. J. Anat. 3: 29–65.Google Scholar
  238. Morescalchi, A. (1970). Karyology and vertebrate phylogeny.Boll. Zool. 37: 1–28.Google Scholar
  239. Muramoto, J. (1969). On the chromosomes of Parasilurus asotus.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 10: 18–19.Google Scholar
  240. Muramoto, J., J.Azumi & H.Fukuoka (1974). Karyotypes of nine species of Salmonidae.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 17: 20–23.Google Scholar
  241. Muramoto, J. & K.Igarashi (1969a). A preliminary note on the chromosomes and enzymatic patterns of three forms of sticklebacks.J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ. (Ser. Zool.) 17: 266–270.Google Scholar
  242. Muramoto, J., K.Igarashi, M.Itoh & S.Makino (1969b). A study of the chromosomes and enzymatic patterns of sticklebacks of Japan.Proc. Jap. Acad. 65: 803–807.Google Scholar
  243. Muramoto, J., S.Ohno & N.B.Atkin (1968). On the diploid state of the fish order Ostariophysi.Chromosoma 24: 59–66.Google Scholar
  244. Nadamitsu, S. (1974). Karyological studies of two types of Gobioid fish, ‘Yoshinobori’.Bull. Hiroshima Women's Univ. 9: 3–9.Google Scholar
  245. Nanda, A. (1973). The chromosomes of Mystus vittatus and Ompok pabda (Family Siluridae).Nucleus, Calcutta 16 (1): 29–32.Google Scholar
  246. Nayyar, R.P. (1964). Karyotype studies in seven species of Cyprinidae.Genetica 35: 95–104.Google Scholar
  247. Nayyar, R.P. (1965). Karyotype studies in the genus Notopterus (Lacepede). The occurrence and fate of univalent chromosomes in spermatocytes of N. chitala.Genetica 36: 398–405.Google Scholar
  248. Nayyar, R.P. (1966). Karyotype studies in thirteen species of fishes.Genetica 37: 78–92.Google Scholar
  249. Nayyar, R.P. (1967). Karyotype studies in two cyprinids.Cytologia 27: 229–231.Google Scholar
  250. Nikol'skij, G.V. (1973). On the relationship between variability of characters, energetics and karyotype in fishes.Zh. obshch. Biol. 34 (4): 503–515.Google Scholar
  251. Nikol'skij, G.V. & N.K.Kanevskaya (1972). Some data on the relationship between the range of variability of characters and the karyotypes of sturgeons.J. Ichthyol. 12 (3): 382–388.Google Scholar
  252. Nikol'skij, G.V. & V.B.Vasil'ev (1973a). On some regularities in the distribution of chromosome numbers in fishes.J. Ichthyol. 13 (1): 1–19.Google Scholar
  253. Nikol'skij, G.V. & V.B.Vasil'ev (1973b). On some tendencies in distribution of fish chromosomes.Probl. Ichthyol. 13: 13–22.Google Scholar
  254. Nishikawa, S., K.Amaoka & T.Karasawa (1971). On the chromosomes of two species of eel (Anguilla).Chrom. Inf. Serv. 12: 27–28.Google Scholar
  255. Nishikawa, S., K.Amaoka & T.Karasawa (1973). A preliminary study on the chromosomes Cichlasoma citrinella (Cichlidae; Pisces).Chrom. Inf. Serv. 14: 32–33.Google Scholar
  256. Nishikawa, S., K.Amaoka & Nakanishi (1974). A comparative study of chromosomes of twelve species of Gobioid fishes in Japan.Jap. J. Ichthyol. 21: 61–71.Google Scholar
  257. Nishikawa, S., M.Honda & A.J.Wakatsuki (1977a). Comparative studies on the chromosomes in Japanese fishes II. Chromosomes of eight species in scorpionfish.J. Shimonoseki Coll. Fish. 25 (3): 187–191.Google Scholar
  258. Nishikawa, S. & T.Karasawa (1972). A comparative study of the chromosomes in Japanese fishes I. A study of the somatic chromosomes of three species of scups.J. Shimonoseki Coll. Fish. 20: 235–240.Google Scholar
  259. Nishikawa, S. & K.Sakamoto (1977b). Comparative studies on the chromosomes in Japanese fishes III. Somatic chromosomes of three anguilliform fishes.J. Shimonoseki Coll. Fish. 25 (3): 193–196.Google Scholar
  260. Nishikawa, S. & K.Sakamoto (1978a) Comparative studies on the chromosomes in Japanese fishes IV. Somatic chromosomes of two lizard fishes.J. Shimonoseki Coll. Fish. 27 (1): 113–117.Google Scholar
  261. Nishikawa, S. & K.Sakamoto (1978b). Comparative studies on the chromosomes in Japanese fishes V. Somatic chromosomes in Japanese blennioid fish, Dictyosoma burgeri Van der Hoven.J. Shimonoseki Coll. Fish. 27 (1): 119–121.Google Scholar
  262. Nogusa, S. (1951). Chromosome studies in Pisces II. On the chromosomes of Sillago sihana (Sillagynidae) and Parasilurus asotus (Siluridae).Jap. J. Genet. 26: 153–155.Google Scholar
  263. Nogusa, S. (1954). A preliminary report on the multiple chromosomes found in Acheilognathus rhombea (Cyprinidae).Sci. Rep. Hyogo Univ. Agric. (Nat. Sci.) 1: 39–42.Google Scholar
  264. Nogusa, S. (1955a). Note on the chromosomes of Abbotina vulgaris (Cyprinidae).Jap. J. Genet. 30 (1): 10–11.Google Scholar
  265. Nogusa, S. (1955b). Chromosome studies in Pisces IV. The chromosomes of Mogrunda obscura (Gobiidae) with evidence of male heterogamety.Cytologia 20: 11–18.Google Scholar
  266. Nogusa, S. (1955c). Chromosome studies in Pisces V. Variation of the chromosome number in Acheilognathus rhombea due to multiple chromosome formation.Anat. Zool. Japan. 28: 249–255.Google Scholar
  267. Nogusa, S. (1957a). Chromosome studies in Pisces VI. The X-Y chromosomes found in Cottus pollux Günther (Cottidae).J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ. 13: 289–292.Google Scholar
  268. Nogusa, S. (1957b). Chromosome studies in Pisces VII. A comparative study of the chromosomes in six species of Gobiidae.Jap. J. Ichthyol. 6: 141–146.Google Scholar
  269. Nogusa, S. (1957c). A study of chromosomes in two species of hagfishes.Zool. Mag., Tokyo 66: 307–309.Google Scholar
  270. Nogusa, S. (1960). A comparative study of the chromosomes of fishes with particular considerations on taxonomy and evolution.Mem. Hyogo Univ. Agric. 3 (1): 1–62.Google Scholar
  271. Nygren, A., J.Andreasson, L.Jonsson & G.Jahnke (1975a). Cytological studies in Cyprinidae (Pisces).Hereditas 81: 165–172.Google Scholar
  272. Nygren, A., G.Bergkvist, T.Windahl & G.Jahnke (1974). Cytological studies in Gadidae (Pisces).Hereditas 76: 173–178.Google Scholar
  273. Nygren, A., P.Edlund, W.Hirsch & L.Ahsgre (1968a). Cytological studies in perch (Perca fluviatilis L.), pike (Esox lucius), pike-perch (Lucioperca lucioperca 1.) and ruft (Acerina cernua L.).Hereditas 59: 518–524.Google Scholar
  274. Nygren, A., B.Nilsson & M.Jahnke (1968b). Cytological studies in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).K. VetenskSamh. Upps. Årsb. 11: 21–52.Google Scholar
  275. Nygren, A., B.Nilsson & M.Jahnke (1971a). Cytological studies in Thimallus thymallus and Coregonus albula.Hereditas 67: 269–274.Google Scholar
  276. Nygren, A., B.Nilsson & M.Jahnke (1971b). Cytological studies in Coregonus from Sweden.K. VetenskSamh. Upps. Årsb. 15: 5–20.Google Scholar
  277. Nygren, A., B.Nilsson & M.Jahnke (1971c). Cytological studies in Salmo trutta and Salmo alpinus.Hereditas 67: 259–268.Google Scholar
  278. Nygren, A., B.Nilsson & M.Jahnke (1971d). Cytological studies in the smelt, Osmerus eperlanus L.Hereditas 67: 283–284.Google Scholar
  279. Nygren, A., B.Nilsson & M.Jahnke (1972). Cytological studies in Atlantic salmon from Canada, in hybrids between Atlantic salmon from Canada and Sweden and in hybrids between Atlantic salmon and sea trout.Hereditas 70: 295–306.Google Scholar
  280. Nygren, A., L.Nyman, K.Svensson & G.Jahnke (1975b). Cytological and biochemical studies in back-crosses between the hybrid Atlantic salmon x sea trout and its parental species.Hereditas 81: 55–62.Google Scholar
  281. Ohno, S. & N.B.Atkin (1966). Comparative DNA values and chromosome complements of eight species of fishes.Chromosoma 18: 455–466.Google Scholar
  282. Ohno, S., L.Christian, M.Romero, R.Dofuku & C.Ivey (1973). On the question of American eels, Anguilla rostrata versus European eels, Anguilla anguilla.Experientia 29: 891.Google Scholar
  283. Ohno, S., J.Muramoto, L.Christian & N.B.Atkin (1967). Diploid-tetraploid relationship among old-world members of the fish family Cyprinidae.Chromosoma 23: 1–9.Google Scholar
  284. Ohno, S., J.Muramoto, J.Klein & N.B.Atkin (1969a). Diploid-tetraploid relationship in clupeoid and salmonoid fish. InChromosomes today. II, Eds. C.D.Darlington & K.R.Lewis, Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh, pp. 139–147.Google Scholar
  285. Ohno, S., J.Muramoto, C.Stenius, L.Christian, W.A.Kittrell & N.B.Atkin (1969b). Microchromosomes in holocephalian, chondrostean and holostean fishes.Chromosoma 26: 35–40.Google Scholar
  286. Ohno, S., C.Stenius, E.Faisst & M.T.Zenzes (1965). Postzygotic chromosomal rearrangements in rainbow trout (Salmo irideus Gibbons).Cytogenetics 4: 117–129.Google Scholar
  287. Ohno, S., U.Wolf & N.B.Atkin (1968). Evolution from fish to mammals by gene duplication.Hereditas 59: 169–187.Google Scholar
  288. Ojima, Y. (1973). Recent studies of hybrids in fresh water teleosts.Exp. Animals. Suppl. 1973: 99–107.Google Scholar
  289. Ojima, Y., M.Hayashi & K.Ueno (1970). Cytogenetic studies in lower vertebrates. IX. A study of chromosomes of five species of cyprinid fishes of Japan.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 11: 27–29.Google Scholar
  290. Ojima, Y., M.Hayashi & K.Ueno (1972). Cytogenetic studies in lower vertebrates X. Karyotype and DNA studies in 15 species of Japanese Cyprinidae.Jap. J. Genet. 47: 431–440.Google Scholar
  291. Ojima, Y., M.Hayashi & K.Ueno (1975). Triploidy appeared in the back-cross from funa-carp crossing.Proc. Japan Acad. 51, 8: 702–706.Google Scholar
  292. Ojima, Y. & S.Hitotsumachi (1967). Cytogenetic studies in lower vertebrates IV. A note on the chromosome of the carp (Cyprinus carpio) in comparison with those of the funa and the goldfish (Carassius auratus).Jap. J. Genet. 42: 163–167.Google Scholar
  293. Ojima, Y. & S.Hitotsumachi (1969a). The karyotype of the medaka, Oryzias latipes.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 10: 15–16.Google Scholar
  294. Ojima, Y. & S.Hitotsumachi (1969b). Cytogenetical studies in loaches (Pisces, Cobitidae).Zool. Mag., Tokyo 78: 139–141.Google Scholar
  295. Ojima, Y., S.Hitotsumachi & S.Makino (1966). Cytogenetic studies in lower vertebrates I. A preliminary report on the chromosomes of the funa (Carassius auratus) and the goldfish.Proc. Japan Acad. 42: 62–66.Google Scholar
  296. Ojima, Y., K.Maeki, S.Takayama & S.Nogusa (1963). A cytotaxonomic study on the Salmonidae.Nucleus, Calcutta 6: 91–98.Google Scholar
  297. Ojima, Y. & S.Makino (1978a). Triploidy induced by cold shock in fertilized eggs of the carp. A preliminary study.Proc. Japan Acad. 54 (7): 359.Google Scholar
  298. Ojima, Y. & T.Ueda (1978b). New C-banded marker chromosomes found in carp-funa hybrids.Proc. Japan Acad. 54 (1): 15–20.Google Scholar
  299. Ojima, Y., T.Ueda & T.Narikawa (1979). A cytogenetic assessment on the origin of the gold-fish.Proc. Japan. Acad. (ser. B) 55 (2): 58–63.Google Scholar
  300. Ojima, Y., K.Ueno & M.Hayashi (1973). Karyotypes of the acheilognathine fishes (Cyprinidae) of Japan with a discussion of phylogenetic problems.Zool. Mag. Tokyo. 82: 171–173.Google Scholar
  301. Ojima, Y., K.Ueno & M.Hayashi (1976). A review of the chromosome numbers in fishes.Kromosomo II (1): 19–47.Google Scholar
  302. Otzan, N. (1954). Cytological investigation of the sexual differentiation in the hybrids of Anatolian Cyprinodontids.Istanb. Univ. Fen Fak. Mecm. 19: 245–280.Google Scholar
  303. Park, E.H. (1974). A list of the chromosome numbers of fishes.Coll. Rev. Coll. lib. Arts & Sci. Seoul natn. Univ. 20 (1–2): 346–372.Google Scholar
  304. Park, E.H. & Y.S.Kang (1976). Karyotype conservation and difference in DNA amount in anguilloid fishes.Science 193: 64–66.Google Scholar
  305. Park, E.H. & Y.S.Kang (1979). Karyological confirmation of conspicuous ZW sex chromosomes in two species of Pacific anguilloid fishes (Anguilliformes: Teleostomi).Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 23: 33–38.Google Scholar
  306. Passakas, T. (1976). Further investigations on the chromosomes of Anguilla anguilla.Folia Biol. Krakòw 24 (2): 239–244.Google Scholar
  307. Passakas, T. (1978). C-banding pattern in chromosomes of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla).Folia biol. Krakòw 26 (4): 301–304.Google Scholar
  308. Passakas, T. & R.Z.Klekowski (1972). Chromosomes of European eel (Anguilla anguilla) as related to in vivo sex determination.Pol. Archs. Hydrobiol. 20: 517–519.Google Scholar
  309. Pechcurenkov, V.L. (1970). Rise of chromosomal aberrations of Misgurnus fossilis L. larvae developing in the Sr90 — Y90 solutions of various activity.Genetika (Moscow) 6 (10): 67–78.Google Scholar
  310. Pegington, G.J. & H.Rees (1967). Chromosome size in salmon and trout.Chromosoma 21: 475–477.Google Scholar
  311. Pinney, E. (1918). A study of the relation of the behaviour of the chromatin to development and heredity in teleost hybrids.J. Morph. 31: 225.Google Scholar
  312. Pomini, F.P. (1939). Ricerche sullo sviluppo delle trote italiane III. Stadi larvali e primi stadi post-larvali delle trote di ruscello (Salmo fario L.).Arch. zool. ital. 27: 383–404.Google Scholar
  313. Post, A. (1965). Vergleichende Untersuchungen der Chromosomenzahlen bei Süsswasser-Teleosteen.Z. zool. Syst. EvolForsch. 3 (1–2): 47–93.Google Scholar
  314. Post, A. (1972). Results of the research cruises of FRV ‘Walther Herwig’ to South America XXIV. Chromosome numbers in Atlantic Myctophidae.Arch. FischWiss. 23 (2): 89–93.Google Scholar
  315. Post, A. (1973a). Results of the research cruises of FRV ‘Walther Herwig’ to South America XXVII. Macroparalepis Ege, 1933 (Osteichthyes, Myctophoidei, Paralepididae). Revision of the genus and description of two new species.Arch. FischWiss. 23 (3): 202–242.Google Scholar
  316. Post, A. (1973b). Chromosomes of two fish-species of the genus Diretmus (Osteichthyes, Beryciformes: Diretmidae). In:Genetics and mutagenesis of fish, ed. J.H. Schroeder. Springer-Verlag 1973: 103–111.Google Scholar
  317. Post, A. (1974). Results of the research cruises of FRV ‘Walther Herwig’ to South America XXXIV. The chromosomes of three species of the family Gonostomatidae (Osteichthyes, Stomiatoidei).Arch. FischWiss. 25 (1): 51–55.Google Scholar
  318. Pradhan, M.J. (1970). Fishery biology of Psettodes erumei (Schn.), an Indian Ocean flat-fish II. Racial study of Psettodes erumei.Bull. natn. Inst. Sci. India 38: 895–905.Google Scholar
  319. Prakken, R., J.Bekendam & G.A.Pieters (1955). The chromosomes of Esox lucius L.Genetica 27: 484–488.Google Scholar
  320. Prasad, R. & G.K.Manna (1974). Somatic and germinal chromosomes of a live-fish, Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch).Caryologia 27 (2): 217–223.Google Scholar
  321. Prasad, R. & G.K.Manna (1976). Chromosomes of the fishes Tilapia mossambica and Notopterus notopterus.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 12: 11–13.Google Scholar
  322. Prehn, L.M. & M.Rasch (1969). Cytogenetic studies of Poecilia (Pisces) I. Chromosome number of naturally occurring poeciliid species and their hybrids from eastern Mexico.Can. J. Gen. Cytol. 11: 880–895.Google Scholar
  323. Prokofieva, A. (1934). On the chromosome morphology of certain pisces.Cytologia 5: 498–506.Google Scholar
  324. Rachlin, J.W., A.P.Beck & J.M.O'Connor (1978). Karytotypic analysis of the Hudson river striped bass, Morone saxatilis.Copeia 1978 (2): 343–345.Google Scholar
  325. Raicu, P. & E.Taisescu (1972a). Misgurnus fossilis, a tetraploid fish species.J. Hered. 63: 92–94.Google Scholar
  326. Raicu, P. & E.Taisescu (1977). Cytogenetic study in Salmo irideus and S. trutta fario.Cytologia 42 (2): 311–314.Google Scholar
  327. Raicu, P., E.Taisescu & P.Banarescu (1973). A comparative study of the karyotype in the genus Gobio (Pisces, Cyprinidae).Cytologia 38: 731–736.Google Scholar
  328. Raicu, P., E.Taisescu & A.Cristian (1972b). Diploid chromosome complement of the carp.Cytologia 37: 355–358.Google Scholar
  329. Ralston, E.M. (1934). A study of the chromosomes of Xiphophorus, Platypoecilus and Xiphophorus × Platypocilus hybrids during spermatogenesis.J. Morph. 56: 423–432.Google Scholar
  330. Rasch, E.M. & L.M.Prehn (1969). Cytotaxonomic analysis of six species of fishes of the subgenus Poecilia from eastern Mexico.J. Cell Biol. 43: 112.Google Scholar
  331. Rasch, E.M., L.Prehn & R.W.Rasch (1970). Cytogenetic studies of Poecilia (Pisces) II. Triploidy and DNA levels in naturally occurring populations associated with the gynogenetic teleosts, Poecilia formosa (Girard).Chromosoma 31: 18–40.Google Scholar
  332. Rees, H. (1964). The question of polyploidy in the Salmonidae.Chromosoma 15: 275–279.Google Scholar
  333. Rees, H. (1967). The chromosomes of Salmo salar.Chromosoma 21: 472–474.Google Scholar
  334. Regan, J.D., M.M.Sigel, W.H.Lee, K.A.Llamas & A.R.Beasley (1968). Chromosomal alterations in marine fish cells in vitro.Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 10: 448–453.Google Scholar
  335. Rishi, K.K. (1973). Somatic karyotypes of three teleosts.Genen Phaenen 16: 101–107.Google Scholar
  336. Rishi, K.K. (1975). Somatic and meiotic chromosomes of Trichogaster fasciatus (Bl. & Sch.) Teleostei, Perciformes, Osphronemidae.Genen Phaenen 182 (2–3): 49–53.Google Scholar
  337. Rishi, K.K. (1976a). Mitotic and meiotic chromosomes of a teleost Callichromis bimaculatus (Bloch) with indications of male heterogamety.Ciénc. Cult. 28 (10): 1171–1173.Google Scholar
  338. Rishi, K.K. (1976b). Karyotypic studies on four species of fish.Nucleus, Calcutta 19 (II): 95–98.Google Scholar
  339. Rishi, K.K. (1978). Giemsa-banding in fish chromosomes.Curr. Sci. 47, 11: 393–394.Google Scholar
  340. Rishi, K.K. & P.Gaur (1976). Cytological female heterogamety in jet black molly, Mollienesia sphenops.Curr. Sci. 45 (18): 669–670.Google Scholar
  341. Roberts, F.L. (1964). A chromosome study of twenty species of Centrarchidae.J. Morph. 115: 401–417.Google Scholar
  342. Roberts, F.L. (1965a). A chromosome study of Gambusia affinis holbrooki.Copeia 1965: 238–239.Google Scholar
  343. Roberts, F.L. (1965b). C-mitoses in the Centrarchidae (Osteichthyes).J. Elisha Mitchell scient. Soc. 81: 112–114.Google Scholar
  344. Roberts, F.L. (1965c). A chromosome study of the Centrarchidae.Diss. Abstr. 26: 642.Google Scholar
  345. Roberts, F.L. (1966). Cell culture of fibroblasts from Clupea harengus gonads.Nature 212: 1592–1593.Google Scholar
  346. Roberts, F.L. (1968). Chromosomal polymorphism in North American landlocked Salmo salar.Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 10: 865–875.Google Scholar
  347. Roberts, F.L. (1970). Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) chromosomes and speciation.Trans. am. Fish. Soc. 99: 104–111.Google Scholar
  348. Rodolico, A. (1933). Differenziamento sessuale ed ovospermatogenesi nell'anguilla.Mon. zool. ital. 43 suppl.: 212.Google Scholar
  349. Ross, M.R. (1973). A chromosome study of five species of etheostomine fishes (Percidae).Copeia 1973, 1: 163–165.Google Scholar
  350. Saksena, H.K. (1959). Chromosomes of Belone cancila (Cuv. & Val.)Madhya Bharati (2 B) 8: 58–60.Google Scholar
  351. Sasaki, M., S.Hitotsumachi, S.Makino & T.Terao (1968). A comparative study of chromosomes in the chum salmon, the kokanee salmon and their hybrids.Caryologia 21: 389–394.Google Scholar
  352. Sawada, Y. (1976). Chromosomes of Leptobotia curta (Cobitidae, Cypriniformes).Jap. J. Ichthyol. 23: 175–177.Google Scholar
  353. Scheel, J.J. (1966a). Notes on phenotypy, distribution and systematics of Aphyosemion bivittatum (Loenberg), with remarks on the chromosome number in the Rivulinae.Ichthyologica Aquar. J. 3: 261–278.Google Scholar
  354. Scheel, J.J. (1966b). Taxonomic studies of African and Asian toothcarps (Rivulinae) based on chromosome numbers, haemoglobin patterns, some morphological traits and crossing experiments.Vidensk. Meddr dansk. naturh. Foren. 129: 123–148.Google Scholar
  355. Scheel, J.J. (1968a). Rivulins of the Old World.Trop. Fish. Hobby Publ. USA.Google Scholar
  356. Scheel, J.J. (1968b). A new species of Aphyosemion (Cyprinodontidae) from Fernando-Poo.Revue Zool. Bot. afr. 78: 332–342.Google Scholar
  357. Scheel, J.J. (1969). Notes on the taxonomy of Austrofundulus dolichopterus and other annual rivuline species of the New World.J. Am. Killifish. Ass. 6: 8–16.Google Scholar
  358. Scheel, J.J. (1970). In:Freshwater fishes of the world, ed. G. Sterba: 358–444.Google Scholar
  359. Scheel, J.J. (1971a). Aphyosemion franzwerneri and Aphyosemion celiae, two new rivulins from Cameroon.Trop. Fish Hobby. 19: 48–66.Google Scholar
  360. Scheel, J.J. (1971b). Tandkarpernes overraskende kromosomforskelle.Naturens Verd. 5: 171–175.Google Scholar
  361. Scheel, J.J. (1972a). Cytotaxonomic studies: The Aphyosemion elegans group.Z. zool. Syst. EvolForsch. 10: 122–127.Google Scholar
  362. Scheel, J.J. (1972b). Rivuline karyotypes and their evolution (Rivulinae, Cyprinodontidae, Pisces).Z. zool. Syst. EvolForsch. 10: 180–209.Google Scholar
  363. Scheel, J.J. (1972c). Die Chromosomen der drei Neon-Tetras.Monatl. Ornithol. Vivarienkunde B. Aq. Terr. 19: 307–309.Google Scholar
  364. Scheel, J.J. (1972d). The chromosomes of the third neon tetras.Trop. Fish Hobby. 20 (11): 60–65.Google Scholar
  365. Scheel, J.J. & B.Christensen (1970). The chromosomes of the two common neon tetras.Trop. Fish Hobby. 19: 24–31.Google Scholar
  366. Scheel, J.J., V.Simonsen & A.O.Gyldenholm (1972). The karyotypes and some electrophoretic patterns of fourteen species of the genus Corydoras.Z. zool. Syst. EvolForsch. 10 (2): 144–152.Google Scholar
  367. Schreck, C.B. & R.J.Behnke (1971). Trouts of the upper Kern river basin, California, wuth reference to systematics and evolution of western North American Salmo.J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 28: 987–998.Google Scholar
  368. Schreiner, A. & K.E.Schreiner (1904). Die Reifungsteilung bei den Wirbeltieren. Ein Beitrag zur Frage nach der Chromatin-Reduction.Anat. Anz. 24: 561–578.Google Scholar
  369. Schultz, R.J. (1967). Gynogenesis and triploidy in the viviparous fish Poeciliopsis.Science 157: 1564–1567.Google Scholar
  370. Schultz, R.J. (1969). Hybridization, unisexuality and polyploidy in the teleost Poeciliopsis (Poecilidae) and other vertebrates.Am. Nat. 103: 605–619.Google Scholar
  371. Schultz, R.J. & K.D.Kallman (1968). Triploid hybrids between the all-female teleost Poecilia formosa and Poecilia sphenops.Nature 219: 280–282.Google Scholar
  372. Serebryakova, E.V. (1970). Karyology of the second brood of the hybrid between beluga (Huso huso) and starlet (Acipenser ruthenus).Trudy vses. nauchno-issled. Inst. morsk. ryb. Khoz. Okeanogr. 76: 225–330.Google Scholar
  373. Serebryakova, E.V. (1972). Some data on the chromosome complexes in Acipenseridae.Israel Progm scient. Transl. Jerusalem. 600424: 98–106.Google Scholar
  374. Setzer, P.Y. (1970). An analysis of a natural hybrid swarm by means of chromosome morphology.Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 99: 139–146.Google Scholar
  375. Sharma, G.P., R.Parshad & R.P.Nayyar (1960). Chromosome number and meiosis in three species of fishes.Res. Bull. Panjab Univ. N. Sci. 11: 99–103.Google Scholar
  376. Shinderite, V.S. & V.B.Vasil'ev (1976). The karyotype of the vimba Vimba vimba.J. Ichthyol. 16 (2): 323–327.Google Scholar
  377. Sick, K., M.Westergaard & O.Frydenberg (1962). Haemoglobin pattern and chromosome number of American, European, and Japanese eels (Anguilla).Nature 193: 1001–1002.Google Scholar
  378. Simon, R.C. (1963). Chromosome morphology and species evolution in the five North-American species of Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus).J. Morph. 112: 77–95.Google Scholar
  379. Simon, R.C. (1965). Fixation and fat extraction before staining and squashing for chromosome of fish embryos.Stain Technol. 39: 45–47.Google Scholar
  380. Simon, R.C. & A.M.Dollar (1963). Cytological aspects of speciation in two North American teleosts, Salmo gairdneri and Salmo clarki lewisi.Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 5: 43–49.Google Scholar
  381. Skvortsova, T.A. (1975). Chromosome complexes of the White sea herring (Clupea harengus pallasi n. maris albi Berg) and the Baltic herring (Clupea harengus harengus n. membras L.).Issled. Fauni Moreu 16 (24): 106–108.Google Scholar
  382. Sofradzija, A. (1977). Caryology and cytotaxonomy of the Leuciscus species from the waters in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Godisnjaka 30: 113–211.Google Scholar
  383. Sofradzija, A. & L.Berberovic (1972). Comparative caryological investigation of Paraphoxinus alepidotus, P. adspersus, P. pstrossi, P. metohiensis and P. croaticus.Godisnjaka 25: 135–173.Google Scholar
  384. Sofradzija, A. & L.J.Berberovic (1973). The chromosome number of Barbus meridionalis petenyi Heckel (Cyprinidae, Pisces).Bull. Scient. Cons. Acads RPF Yougosl. (A) 18 (4–6): 77–78.Google Scholar
  385. Sofradzija, A. & L.Berberovic (1975a). Basic data about chromosome complement of the species Gobio gobio (Linnaeus 1758), Cyprinidae, Pisces.Ichthyologia 7 (1): 53–59.Google Scholar
  386. Sofradzija, A., R.Hadzcselimovic & C.Maric (1975b). Basic data about the chromosome complement of Rhodeus sericeus amarus (Bloch 1782), Cyprinidae, Pisces.Bull. scient. Cons. Acads RPF Yougosl. (A) 20 (1–2): 7–8.Google Scholar
  387. Sola, L. & S.Cataudella (1978a). I cromosomi di quattro specie di Scorpaenidae mediterranei (Pisces, Scorpaeniformes).Atti Accad. naz. Lincei Rc. ser. VIII, LXIV, 4: 393–396.Google Scholar
  388. Sola, L. & S.Cataudella (1978b). Prime osservazioni sulla cariologia degli sparidi Mediterranei.Boll. Zool. 45 (2): 242.Google Scholar
  389. Sola, L., G.Gentili & S.Cataudella (1980). Eels chromosomes: cytotaxonomical interrelationships and sex chromosomes.Copeia 1980 (4): 911–913.Google Scholar
  390. Sriramulu, V. (1959). A note on the chromosomes of Oryzias melastigma (McClelland).Curr. Sci. 28: 117–118.Google Scholar
  391. Sriramulu, V. (1963). Effect of colchicine on the somatic chromosomes of Oryzias melastigma (McClelland).Cellule 63: 367–374.Google Scholar
  392. Srivastava, M.D.L. & B.Das (1968). Somatic chromosomes of Clarias batrachus (L.) (Claridae: Teleostomi).Caryologia 21: 349–352.Google Scholar
  393. Srivastava, M.D.L. & B.Das (1969). Somatic chromosomes of teleostean fish.J. Hered. 60: 57–58.Google Scholar
  394. Srivastava, M.D.L. & P.Kaur (1962). Study of the structure and behaviour of chromosomes in certain fresh water teleosts.Res. J. Hindi Sci. Acad. 5: 106–109.Google Scholar
  395. Srivastava, M.D.L. & P.Kaur (1964). The structure and the behaviour of chromosomes in six freshwater teleosts.Cellule 65: 93–107.Google Scholar
  396. Starmach, J. (1967). Die chromosomen von Cottus poecilopus Heckel und Cottus gobio L.Acta hydrobiol., Krakòw 9: 301–307.Google Scholar
  397. Starmach, J. (1972). Charakterystyka glowaczy: Cottus poecilopus Heckel i Cottus gobio L.Acta hydrobiol., Krakòw 14 (1): 67–102.Google Scholar
  398. Sterba, G. (1959). Über eine Mutation bei Pterophyllum eimekei. I. Anamnese und Beschreibung.Biol. Zbl. 78: 323–333.Google Scholar
  399. Subrahmanyam, K. (1969). A karyotypic study of the estuarine fish Boleophtalmus boddaerti (Pallas) with calcium treatment.Curr. Sci. 38: 437–439.Google Scholar
  400. Subrahmanyam, K. & R.Natarajan (1970). A study on the somatic chromosomes of Therapon Cuvier (Teleostei: Perciformes).Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (B) 72 (6): 288–294.Google Scholar
  401. Subrahmanyam, K. & K.Ramamoorthi (1971). A karyotype study in the estuarine worm eel, Moringua linearis. (Gray).Sci. Cult. 37 (4): 201–202.Google Scholar
  402. Svärdson, G. (1941). Somatic pairing in Salmo and Coregonus and its hypothetical explanation.Archs Zool. exp. gén. 33 B 9: 1–6.Google Scholar
  403. Svärdson, G. (1945). Chromosome studies in Salmonidae.Rep. short Pap. Inst. Freshwat. Res. Drottningholm 23: 1–151.Google Scholar
  404. Svärdson, G. & J.Wickbom (1939). Notes on the chromosomes of some Teleosts, Esox lucius L., Lucioperca lucioperca L. and Perca fluviatilis L.Hereditas 25: 472.Google Scholar
  405. Svärdson, G. & T.Wickbom (1942). The chromosomes of two species of Anabantidae (Teleostei) with a new case of sex reversal.Hereditas 28: 212–216.Google Scholar
  406. Swarup, H. (1959a). Production of triploidy in Gasterosteus aculeatus.J. Genet. 56: 129–142.Google Scholar
  407. Swarup, H. (1959b). Effect of triploidy on the body size, general organization and cellular structure in Gasterosteus aculeatus.J. Genet. 56: 143–155.Google Scholar
  408. Szollar, J. & M.Hobor (1972). Studies on the somatic chromosomes of the carp (Cyprinus carpio).Acta morph. hung. 20: 185–189.Google Scholar
  409. Takahasi, J. I. & H.Oka (1976). Karyotypes and electrophoretic patterns in loaches of the genus Cobitis.Jap. J. Ichthyol. 23 (2): 114–117.Google Scholar
  410. Tchernenko, E.V. (1971). On the chromosome set of the sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka).Ref. nauch. Rabot. Inst. Biol. Morya Vladivostok 2: 228–231.Google Scholar
  411. Tchernenko, E.V. & R.M.Victorovsky (1971). Chromosome sets of Salvelinus, Salmo and Oncorhynchus.Ref. nauch. Rabot. Inst. Biol. Morya Vladivostok 2: 232–235.Google Scholar
  412. Thompson, K.W., C.Hubbs & R.J.Edwards (1978). Comparative chromosome morphology of the blackbasses.Copeia 1978 (1): 172–175.Google Scholar
  413. Thorgaard, G.H. (1976). Robertsonian polymorphism and constitutive heterochromatin distribution in chromosomes of the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri).Cytogen. Cell Genet. 17 (4): 174–186.Google Scholar
  414. Thorgaard, G.H. (1977). Heteromorphic sex chromosomes in male rainbow trout.Science 196: 900–902.Google Scholar
  415. Thorgaard, G.H. (1978). Sex chromosomes in the sockeye salmon: a Y-autosome fusion.Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 20, 3: 349.Google Scholar
  416. Toledo, V. & I.Ferrari (1976a). Cytogenetic study of three species of genus Pimelodus (Pimelodidae, Pisces).Cientifica 4 (2): 101–106.Google Scholar
  417. Toledo, V. & I.Ferrari (1976b). Cytogenetic study of Pimelodella sp. and Rhamdia hilarii (Pimelodinae, Pimelodidae, Pisces): marker chromosomes.Cientifica 4 (2): 120–123.Google Scholar
  418. Toledo, V. & I.Ferrari (1976c). Modified squash technique for chromosomic studies in fishes.Cientifica 4 (2): 152–155.Google Scholar
  419. Ueno, K. (1974). Chromosomal polymorphism and variant of isozymes in geographical populations of Pseudobagrus aurantiacus, Bagridae.Jap. J. Ichthyol. 21: 158–164.Google Scholar
  420. Ueno, K. & Y.Ojima (1976). Diploid-tetraploid complexes in the genus Cobitis (Cobitidae, Cyprinoidei).Proc. Japan Acad. 52 (8): 446–449.Google Scholar
  421. Ueno, K. & Y.Ojima (1977). Chromosome studies of two species of the genus Coreoperca (Pisces: Perciformes), with reference to the karyotypic differentiation and evolution.Proc. Japan Acad. 53 (6): 221–225.Google Scholar
  422. Urushido, T., E.Takahashi & Y.Taki (1975). Karyotypes of three species of fishes in the order Osteoglossiformes.Chrom. Inf. Serv. 18: 20–22.Google Scholar
  423. Uyeno, T. (1972). Chromosomes of offspring resulting from crossing coho salmon and brook trout.Jap. J. Ichthyol. 19: 166–171.Google Scholar
  424. Uyeno, T. (1973). A comparative study of chromosomes in the teleostean fish order Osteoglossiformes.Jap. J. Ichthyol. 20: 211–217.Google Scholar
  425. Uyeno, T. & R.R.Miller (1971). Multiple sex chromosomes in a Mexican cyprinodontid fish.Nature 231: 452–453.Google Scholar
  426. Uyeno, T. & R.R.Miller (1972a). Second discovery of multiple sex chromosomes among fishes.Experientia 28: 223–225.Google Scholar
  427. Uyeno, T. & R.R.Miller (1973). Chromosomes and the evolution of the plagopterin fishes (Cyprinidae) of the Colorado river system.Copeia 1973: 776–782.Google Scholar
  428. Uyeno, T. & G.R.Smith (1972b). Tetraploid origin of the karyotype of catostomid fishes.Science 175: 644–646.Google Scholar
  429. Vasil'ev, V.B. (1975). Karyotypes of different form of the Kamchatka trout Salmo mykiss Walbaum and steelhead Salmo gairdneri Richardson.Vop. Ikhtiol. 15 (6): 998–1010.Google Scholar
  430. Vasil'ev, V.B. (1977). On polyploidy in fishes and some aspects of karyotype evolution in Salmonidae.Zh. obshch. Biol. 38 (3): 380–392.Google Scholar
  431. Vasil'ev, V.B. (1978). Karyotypes of 5 species of fishes (Pisces) from the Black Sea.Tsitologiya 20 (9): 1092–1094.Google Scholar
  432. Vasil'ev, V.B., A.P.Hakeeva & I.N.Ryabov (1978). The study of chromosome in Cyprinid fish and their hybrids.Genetika, Moscow 18 (4): 1453–1460.Google Scholar
  433. Vasudevan, P., S.G.A.Rao & S.R.V.Rao (1973). Somatic and meiotic chromosomes of Heteropneustes fossilis.Curr. Sci. 42 (12): 427–428.Google Scholar
  434. Vaupel, J. (1928). The spermatogenesis of Lebistes reticulatus.J. Morph. 47: 555–587.Google Scholar
  435. Vialli, M. (1970). Contributo dei dati sul numero cromosomico alla soluzione negativa del discusso rapporto di specie diploide e tetraploide tra tinca e carpa.Rc. Ist. lomb. Sci. Lett 103: 47–51.Google Scholar
  436. Viktorovsky, R.M. (1964). Chromosome sets of Coregonus peled and C. lavaretus baunti.Tsitologiya 6: 636–639.Google Scholar
  437. Viktorovsky, R.M. (1972). Possibilities of polyploidy in the evolution of fish.Israel. Progm scient. Transl. Jerusalem. 600424: 91–97.Google Scholar
  438. Viktorovsky, R.M. (1975). Karyotypes of endemic charrs from Kronozkae lake.Tsitologiya 17 (4): 464–466.Google Scholar
  439. Viktorovsky, R.M. (1978). The evolution of karyotypes in chars of the genus Salvelinus.Tsitologiya 20 (7): 833–838.Google Scholar
  440. Viktorovsky, R.M. & T.G.Maximova (1978). Chromosomal complex of Coregonus ussuriensis and some aspects of the evolution of karyotypes of Coregonjdae.Tsitologiya 20 (8): 967–970.Google Scholar
  441. Wahl, R.W. (1960). Chromosome morphology in laketrout Salvelinus namaycush.Copeia 1960 (1): 16–19.Google Scholar
  442. Webb, C.J. (1974). Fish chromosomes: a display by scanning electron microscopy.J. Fish. Biol. 6: 99–100.Google Scholar
  443. Wickbom, T. (1943). Cytological studies on the family Cyprinodontidae.Hereditas 29: 1–24.Google Scholar
  444. Wickbom, T. (1945). Cytological studies on Dipnoi, Urodela, Anura and Emys.Hereditas 31: 241.Google Scholar
  445. Winge, Ø. (1922). A peculiar mode of inheritance and its cytological explanation.J. Genet. 12: 137–144.Google Scholar
  446. Winge, O. (1929). The experimental alternation of sex chromosomes into autosomes and vice versa as illustrated by Lebistes.C. r. Trav. Lab. Carlsberg Sér. physiol. 21: 1–49.Google Scholar
  447. Wolf, U., H.Ritter, N.B.Atkin & S.Ohno (1969). Polyploidization in the fish Cyprinidae, order Cypriniformes I. DNA content and chromosome sets in various species of Cyprinidae.Human Genet. 7: 240–244.Google Scholar
  448. Wright, J.E. (1955). Chromosome numbers in trout.Progve Fish Cult. 17: 172–176.Google Scholar
  449. Yamada, J. (1967). An observation of the chromosomes in the embryonic cells of a goby, Chaenogobius urotaenia (Hilgendorf).Bull. Fac. Fish. Hokkaido Univ. 18: 183–187.Google Scholar
  450. Yamazaki, F. (1971). A chromosome study of the ayu, a salmonoid fish.Bull. Jap. Soc. scient. Fish. 37 (8): 707–710.Google Scholar
  451. Yosida, H.T. & M.Hayashi (1970). Preliminary note on karyotype of guppy and topminnow.A. Rep. natn. Inst. Genet., Misima 21: 52.Google Scholar
  452. Zelinskyi, Yu.P. (1976). Karyotypes of the Atlantic salmon of the landlocked populatien of the Kuyto Lakes. (White Sea Bacin).J. Ichthyol. 16 (6): 1012–1023.Google Scholar
  453. Zenzes, M.T. (1975). C-banding patterns in Salmo trutta, a species of tetraploid origin.Genetica 45 (4): 531–536.Google Scholar
  454. Zirkin, B.R. & S.L.Wolfe (1972). Fiber ultrastructure and dimensions in thin-sectioned chromatin.J. Ultrastruct. Res. 39: 496–508.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk B.V. Publishers 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Sola
    • 1
  • S. Cataudella
    • 1
  • E. Capanna
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Comparative AnatomyUniversity of RomeRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations