International Journal of Computer Vision

, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 279–302

Optical flow using spatiotemporal filters

  • David J. Heeger

DOI: 10.1007/BF00133568

Cite this article as:
Heeger, D.J. Int J Comput Vision (1988) 1: 279. doi:10.1007/BF00133568


A model is presented, consonant with current views regarding the neurophysiology and psychophysics of motion perception, that combines the outputs of a set of spatiotemporal motion-energy filters to estimate image velocity. A parallel implementation computes a distributed representation of image velocity. A measure of image-flow uncertainty is formulated; preliminary results indicate that this uncertainty measure may be used to recognize ambiguity due to the aperture problem. The model appears to deal with the aperture problem as well as the human visual system since it extracts the correct velocity for some patterns that have large differences in contrast at different spatial orientations.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Heeger
    • 1
  1. 1.Vision Sciences Group, Media LaboratoryMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridge

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