Higher Education

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 665–680 | Cite as

Higher education and early life outcomes

  • Thomas James Phelan
  • Jo Carol Phelan


A multidimensional view of the impact of higher education is presented. The influence of earnings on three other life outcomes is considered. Data from a follow-up of students in the United States who had earlier participated in the Freshmen Norms Survey of the Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) indicate the distinctiveness of selected outcomes. A different developmental process is suggested for each. Controlling for other inputs, we found possible impacts of higher education on earnings attainment and liberalism-conservatism, but not on later job and life satisfaction.


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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas James Phelan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jo Carol Phelan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.State University of New York at Stony BrookStony BrookUSA
  2. 2.University of MarylandHeidelbergF.R.G.

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