The foraging locus: behavioral tests for normal muscle movement in rover and sitter Drosophila melanogaster larvae
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We used Drosophila melanogaster larvae with different alleles at the foraging (for) locus in a variety of behavioral tests to evaluate normal muscle usage of rover and sitter phenotypes. The results show that sitter and lethal sitter alleles of for do not affect larval behavior through a mutation which affects larval muscle usage. In general the behavior of rovers and sitters differed on food but not on non-nutritive substrates. Rovers and sitters moved equally well on non-nutritive substrates, and measures such as the time to roll over and length of forward stride showed no significant strain differences. Larvae with different alleles at for did not differ in body length. Rovers took more strides, not longer ones, than sitters while on foraging substrates. We conclude that differences in larval locomotion during foraging found in larvae with different alleles at for can not be explained on the basis of muscle usage alone. It is more likely that for affects larval ability to perceive or respond to the foraging environment.
Key wordsBehavior genetics larvae foraging mutants Drosophila melanogaster
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