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Natural Hazards

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 115–123 | Cite as

The tsunami generated from the eruption of the volcano of Santorin in the Bronze Age

  • George Pararas-Carayannis
Article

Abstract

A tsunami source mechanism, resulting from the collapse of the cone of the Santorin Volcano, accounted for the catastrophic sea waves observed in the Aegean Archipelago and the Eastern Mediterranean in the Bronze Age. The tsunami and destruction resulting from the explosion and collapse of the volcano of Santorin are discussed in this study. On the basis of recent geological evidence, it is concluded that the final caldera collapse resulted from a large earthquake, along an about NE-SW trending normal fault, along which the Santorin Volcanic field has developed. Such a source mechanism can account for the size and destructiveness of this Bronze Age Tsunami with its interesting archaeological and historical implications.

Keywords.

Santorin volcano volcanic tsunami tsunami source mechanism Bronze Age tsunami volcanic Caldera collapse 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Pararas-Carayannis
    • 1
  1. 1.International Tsunami Information CenterHonoluluU.S.A.

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