Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 97–101 | Cite as

Provenance variation in seed germination and seedling growth of Acacia nilotica ssp. indica in India

  • B. Krishan
  • O. P. Toky
Short Communication


Acacia nilotica ssp. indica, a multipurpose tree species occurs throughout semi-arid India. The present study reports the variation in seed germination and seedling growth of 21 sites (provenances) collected between the latitude 11°N and 31°23′N, and 19 m to 650 m altitude throughout India. There were significant differences (P<0.05) between the sites for seed germination that varied from 16 to 90% in the incubator, and 14 to 84% in the nursery. Significant variations were also observed in seedling growth up to 28 days in the incubator. There was no significant relationship between seed germination and seedling growth and the latitude or longitude of the original seed source. However, in general the South Indian provenances showed lower germination as compared to North Indian provenances. The observations are important for selection of vigorous provenances concerning seed germination and early seedling growth.

Key words

Acacia nilotica provenances germination seedling growth 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arroyo, M.T.K., 1981. Breeding system and pollination biology in Leguminosae. In: R.M.Pollhill & P.H.Raven (Eds) Advances in Legume Systematics, pp. 723–769. Royal Botanical Garden, Kew.Google Scholar
  2. Beniwal, R.S., O.P. Toky & P.K. Sharma, 1994. Genetic variability in symbiotic nitrogen fixation between provenances of Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd ex Del. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution (accepted).Google Scholar
  3. Bishnoi, O.P., 1988. Agriculture Zones of Haryana. Department of Agricultural Meteorology, Haryana Agricultural University, India. No. 8, pp. 157.Google Scholar
  4. Bisht, R.P. & O.P., Toky, 1993. Growth pattern and architectural analysis of nine important multipurpose trees in arid region. Can. J. For. Res. 23: 722–730.Google Scholar
  5. Burley, J. & P.J., Wood, 1976. A Manual of Species and Provenance Research with Particular Reference to Tropics. Trop. For. Pap. No. 10, CFI, Oxford.Google Scholar
  6. Doran, J.C., J.W., Turnbull, D.J., Boland & B.V., Gunn, 1983. Handbook on Seeds of Dry Zone Acacias. FAO, Rome, pp. 92.Google Scholar
  7. Khalil, M.A.K., 1986. Variation in seed quality and some juvenile characters of white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench)) Voss. Sil Genet. 35: 78–85.Google Scholar
  8. Lathur, R.S., K.K., Sharma & M.M.S., Rawat, 1984. Germination behaviour of various provenances of Acacia nilotica ssp. indica. Indian For. 110: 435–449.Google Scholar
  9. National Academy of Sciences, 1980. Firewood Crops: Shrubs and Trees Species for Energy Production. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., pp. 237.Google Scholar
  10. Ross, J.H., 1979. A conspectus of the African acacias species. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Afr. No. 44.Google Scholar
  11. Toky, O.P. & R.P., Bisht, 1992. Observations on the rooting patterns of some agroforestry trees in an arid region of north-western India. Agroforestry Systs. 18: 245–263.Google Scholar
  12. Tybirk, K., 1989. Flowering, pollination and seed production of Acacia nilotica. Nord. J. Bot. 9: 375–381.Google Scholar
  13. Wickens, G.E., 1969. A study of Acacia albida Del. (Mimosoideae), Kew Bull. 23: 181–208.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Krishan
    • 1
  • O. P. Toky
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ForestryHaryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia

Personalised recommendations