Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 153–163

Self-organising neural networks for adaptive control

  • Kevin Warwick
  • Nigel Ball

DOI: 10.1007/BF00125491

Cite this article as:
Warwick, K. & Ball, N. Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems (1996) 15: 153. doi:10.1007/BF00125491


Self-organizing neural networks have been implemented in a wide range of application areas such as speech processing, image processing, optimization and robotics. Recent variations to the basic model proposed by the authors enable it to order state space using a subset of the input vector and to apply a local adaptation procedure that does not rely on a predefined test duration limit. Both these variations have been incorporated into a new feature map architecture that forms an integral part of an Hybrid Learning System (HLS) based on a genetic-based classifier system. Problems are represented within HLS as objects characterized by environmental features. Objects controlled by the system have preset targets set against a subset of their features. The system's objective is to achieve these targets by evolving a behavioural repertoire that efficiently explores and exploits the problem environment. Feature maps encode two types of knowledge within HLS — long-term memory traces of useful regularities within the environment and the classifier performance data calibrated against an object's feature states and targets. Self-organization of these networks constitutes non-genetic-based (experience-driven) learning within HLS.

This paper presents a description of the HLS architecture and an analysis of the modified feature map implementing associative memory. Initial results are presented that demonstrate the behaviour of the system on a simple control task.

Key words

Neural networks adaptive control self-organising networks 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin Warwick
    • 1
  • Nigel Ball
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Cybernetics, School of Engineering and Information SciencesUniversity of ReadingReadingUK
  2. 2.Engineering Design Centre, Department of EngineeringUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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