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Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 149–161 | Cite as

Studies on root distribution of five multipurpose tree species in Doon Valley, India

  • S. K. Dhyani
  • P. Narain
  • R. K. Singh
Article

Abstract

Observations on the growth performance, rooting behaviour and distribution of fine roots of five tree species viz., Bauhinia purpurea, Grewia optiva, Eucalyptus tereticornis, Leucaena leucocephala and Ougeinia oojeinensis (Family: Papilionaceae) are being presented here. Roots were exposed at the time of planting, 6 months, 16 months, and 28 months after planting. Total root weight and root volume were highest in Eucalyptus tereticornis and lowest in Bauhinia purpurea. Major part of the root system confined within 90–120 cm soil depth in case of Bauhinia purpurea, Grewia optiva and Leucaena leucocephala but Eucalyptus tereticornis and Ougeinia oojeinensis strike their roots to deeper depths. Bauhinia purpurea had its roots evenly distributed down to 120 cm. In general, the vertical distribution of fine roots (< 2 mm in diameter) of the five species indicate that more the depth, fewer the number of roots. The observations on soil binding capacity, indicated that Ougeinia oojeinensis had the maximum and Eucalyptus tereticornis had the minimum binding value. Due to leaf shading and other litter fall significant increase of nutrient components in soils under the tree canopies has been observed. The study indicates that bulk of the roots of the five tree species are found near the surface, but observation on soil moisture and nutrient content does not indicate variation under the tree canopies and in open, hence there may not be root competition in initial years of plantation.

Key words

Agro-forestry fine root distribution nutrient-status soil-moisture profile root-nodules 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Dhyani
    • 1
  • P. Narain
    • 1
  • R. K. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Soil & Water Conservation Research & Training InstituteDehradunIndia

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