Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 389–407 | Cite as

Inland penetration of the sea breeze over the suburban area of Tokyo

  • Hiroshi Yoshikado
  • Hiroaki Kondo


Observational results of the structure of the sea breeze over the urban and suburban areas of Tokyo for four summer days are presented.

On two of these days, the inland penetration of the sea breeze front could be clearly traced. In one case, the sea breeze was first observed along the shores of Tokyo Bay around 0900 JST, and propagated in three hours through the Tokyo City area, the width of which is about 20 km. It then advanced inland at a rate of 16 km h−1. Prior to the arrival of the sea breeze at the suburban site, the mixing height had remained at about 600 m for four hours. With the arrival of the sea breeze front, accompanied by an abrupt change in wind speed and direction, the mixing height increased sharply to 1700 m. It is suggested that this behavior and the structure of the front are intensified due to the urban effect, or the difference in the thermal characteristics between the urban and rural areas.

On the days without a sea breeze front, the land breeze system during the early morning was less intense, allowing the sea breeze to develop simultaneously with the inland valley wind and easily form a large-scale local wind system during the morning hours. In both cases, the vertical motion accompanying the local wind system works as a feedback mechanism to control the local winds by modifying the thermal and pressure fields.


Wind Speed Vertical Motion Early Morning Pressure Field Suburban Area 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Yoshikado
    • 1
  • Hiroaki Kondo
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Institute for Pollution and ResourcesIbarakiJapan

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