Advertisement

Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 1–11 | Cite as

Suitability of the taungya system at North Kilimanjaro Forest Plantation, Tanzania

  • S. A. O. Chamshama
  • G. C. Monela
  • K. E. A. Sekiete
  • A. Persson
Article

Abstract

The taungya is a system whereby villagers and sometimes forest plantation workers are given the right to cultivate agricultural crops during the early stages of forest plantation establishment. Cultivation is often allowed to continue until trees shade crops due to canopy closure. This study aimed at analyzing the taungya system at the North Kilimanjaro Forest Plantation in Tanzania but was limited to an examination of costs and revenues resulting from the practice and also the impact the system has on tree survival and food crop yields. Results show that during the early stages of forest plantation establishment, intercropping of young trees with food crops is beneficial in terms of tree survival, food crop production, financial income to the peasant farmers and reduction of forest plantation establishment costs. Therefore the system is suitable and should be sustained.

Key words

taungya system tree survival food crop yield financial income establishment costs maize (Zea maysbeans (Phaseolus vulgaris

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Allaway J and Cox PMJ (1989) Forests and competing land-uses in Kenya. Environmental Management 13(2): 171–187Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Betters DR (1988) Planning optimal economic strategies for agroforestry systems. Agroforestry Systems 7: 17–31Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Duchhart I, Steiner F and Bassman JH (1989) Planning methods for agroforestry. Agroforestry Systems 7: 227–258Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Etherington DM and Matthews DJ (1983) Approaches to the economic evaluation of agroforestry systems. Agroforestry Systems 1: 347–360Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gregory GR (1987) Resource Economics for Foresters. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York, 447 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Harou PA (1983) Economic principles to appraise agroforestry projects. Agricultural Administration 12: 127–139Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hoekstra DA (1985) Economic concepts of Agroforestry. International Council for Research in Agroforestry, Nairobi, Kenya, 12 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hofstad O (1978) Preliminary evaluation of the taungya system for combined wood and food production in northern-eastern Tanzania. Record No. 2, Division of Forestry, University of Dar es Salaam, Morogoro, 14 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    King KFS (1968) Agri-silviculture (the taungya system). Department of Forestry, University of Ibandan, NigeriaGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    King KFS (1979) Agroforestry and the utilization of fragile ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management 2: 161–168.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nair PKR (1984) Soil productivity aspects of agroforestry. Science and practice of agroforestry. International Council for Research in Agroforestry, Nairobi, Kenya, 18 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Okojie JA, Bailey RL and Borders BE (1987) A multiple-use management decision model for taungya farming Nigeria. Paper presented at, the IUFRO Forest Growth, Modelling and Prediction Conference, Minneapolis, Minnesota, August 24–28, 1987Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Raintree JB (1982) Bio-economic considerations in the design of agroforestry intercropping systems. International Council for Research in Agroforestry, Nairobi, Kenya, 24 ppGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    TFAP (1989) Tanzania Forestry Action Plan 1990/91–2007/08. Ministry of Lands, Natural Resources and Tourism, Dar es Salaam, TanzaniaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. O. Chamshama
    • 1
  • G. C. Monela
    • 1
  • K. E. A. Sekiete
    • 1
  • A. Persson
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ForestrySokoine University of AgricultureChuo Kikuu, MorogoroTanzania

Personalised recommendations