Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 265–289 | Cite as

Agroforestry and soil conservation needs of smallholders in Southern Zambia

  • Peter Sturmheit


An agroforestry and soil conservation needs assessment survey conducted in southern Zambia revealed valuable insight into needs, constraints and development options as perceived by smallholders themselves. Inadequate efforts to conserve soil are due to technical and socio-economic factors, they do not result from a lack of awareness of the widespread erosion threat. Fruit tree planting, windbreak establishment as well as the protection of the natural Faidherbia albida regeneration in cropland are popular agroforestry interventions whose positive effects are widely acknowledged. Forty-two perennial species were found to directly contribute to people's diet. Although local fuelwood and fodder shortages as well as the need for fencing are recognized only few respondents envisage agroforestry solutions such as fuelwood and fodder tree planting or live fencing. Most smallholders are interested in tree planting but have so far only planted few trees. Those planted are usually exotic fruit trees. Drought hardly, termite and browse resistant perennials adapted to smallholder tree planting must be provided by the extension services. The widespread exclusion of women from decision making and the lack of tenure security hampers female participation in agroforestry development and consequently threatens sustainable development altogether.

Key words

Agroforestry extension Faidherbia albida fencing fodder fruit trees fuelwood needs assessment soil conservation windbreaks women Zambia 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Sturmheit
    • 1
  1. 1.Conservation EngineeringLusume ServicesMagoyeZambia

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