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Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 83–90 | Cite as

The contribution of agroforestry to world forestry development

  • H. J. von Maydell
Article

Abstract

Agroforestry with its outstanding variety of systems and technologies has been practiced in all parts of the world since times immemorial. Its worldwide recognition, scientific promotion and application in rural development strategies in the tropics, however, ‘exploded’ with two events: the foundation of the International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), 1977 and the Eighth World Forestry Conference in Jakarta, 1978. This is important to be recalled at the occasion of the Ninth World Forestry Congress to be held in Mexico this year.

Agroforestry's holistic approach to solving land use problems under prevailing conditions and constraints of different humid, semiarid and mountainous regions has gained importance and produced first remarkable results with regard to increasing the human-ecological carrying capacity.

Forestry is gaining from the newly promoted strategies of integrated land use in various ways: less pressure on forest resources and thus less destruction of forest vegetation, additional lands for wood production outside the forest estate, cooperation instead of confrontation with other target groups, and an expanded multiple-use concept increasing the value of marginal forest lands. Agriculture and livestock management are improved by various environmental benefits of the forest component and by the availability of forest products within agroforestry systems. First achievements over the past seven years have been encouraging in many instances. Much more, however, remains to be done in future.

Keywords

Agroforestry System International Council Livestock Management Prevailing Condition Marginal Forest 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Resumen

Agroforestría, con su gran variedad de sistemas y tecnologías, ha sido practicado en todas partes del mundo desde tiempos inmemoriables. Su reconnocimiento mundial, su promoción cientifica y estrategias de desarollo rural en los tropicos, sin embargo, tuvieron un auge excepional, debido a dos eventos: La fundación del ‘International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) el año 1977 y el VIII Congreso Forestal Mundial en Jacarta. Es importante recalcar esto con ocasion del IX Congreso Forestal Mundial a realizarse en México este año.

El concepto holístico agroforestal permita resolver problemas del uso de tierras, adaptándose a las posibilidades y limitaciónes existenstes en regiónes humedas, semiáridas y montañosas. Esta idéa a ganado importancia debido a estas raciónes y resultados promisorios han sido producidos con respecto al incremento de la capacidad de carga ecológica.

La forestería ha sacado provechoda las nuevas estrategias de uso integrado de tierras de varias maneras:
  • - Menos presión sobre los resursos forestales y, en consecuencia, menor destrución de la vegetatción forestal:

  • - tierras adicionales para la producción de madera fuera del bosque;

  • - la cooperación prevalece sobre confrontacion entre administración forestal y campesinos;

  • - valor del bosque en tierras marginales aumento debido a un concepto expandido de uso multiple. La producción agricola y ganadera se ve incrementado por varios efectos benéficos sobre el medio ambiente del componente forestal y por la disponibilidad de productos forestales dentro de sistemas agroforestales. El balance de los primeros siete años es incentivador en muchos aspectos, el desafío que representa el trabajo futuro es, sin embargo, aún mucho mayor.

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References

  1. Chandler TM and Spurgeon D (eds) (1980) International Cooperation ICRAF/DSE, Nairobi, 469 pGoogle Scholar
  2. FAO (1978) forestry for local community development. Rome FAO Forestry Paper No 7, 114 pGoogle Scholar
  3. Huxley PA (ed) (1983) Plant Research and Agroforestry. ICRAF, Nairobi, 619 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Jackson JK (ed) (1984) Social, economic, and institutional aspects of agro-forestry. Tokyo, The United Nations University, 97 pGoogle Scholar
  5. Lundgren BO and Raintree JB (1983) Sustained agroforestry. ICRAF Reprint No. 3, Nairobi, 26 p Nairobi, 26 pGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. J. von Maydell
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest ProductsInstitute for World ForestryHamburgF.R.G.

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