Instructional Science

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 445–466 | Cite as

Cooperative learning across classrooms in electronic Learning Circles

  • Margaret Riel


This paper discusses electronic Learning Circles on the AT&T Learning Network1 in the light of cooperative learning theory. Findings reported for students in cooperative learning settings were also found for teachers who participated in Learning Circles on the Learning Network. Teachers acquired knowledge, developed new instructional strategies, increased their self-esteem and developed professional and personal relationships with their peers. Computer networking provides a mechanism for developing cooperative learning among students in distant locations and at the same time provides a vehicle for the professional development of teachers within the classroom environment.


Professional Development Learning Theory Computer Networking Personal Relationship Classroom Environment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Cohen M. and Riel M. (1989). The effect of distant audiences on students' writing. American Educational Research Journal, 26, 143–159.Google Scholar
  2. Cole M. (1981). Society, mind and development, and the zone of proximal development: where culture and cognition create each other. (CHIP 106) La Jolla, California: Center for Human Information Processing, University of California, San Diego.Google Scholar
  3. Dewey J. (1916). Democracy and education. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  4. Kagan S. (1986). Cooperative learning and sociocultural factors in schooling. In Beyond language: social and cultural factors in schooling language minority students. Los Angeles: Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center, California State University, Los Angeles.Google Scholar
  5. Lave J. (1988). Cognition in practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Mehan H., Moll L. and Riel M. (1985). Computers in classrooms: a quasi-experiment in guided change. (Contract No. NIE 6–83–0027). La Jolla, CA: Teacher Education Program.Google Scholar
  7. Naiman, D. W. (1988). Telecommunications and an interactive approach to literacy in disabled students. Unpublished manuscript, New York University.Google Scholar
  8. Newman D. (1984). Functional learning environments (Tech. Rep. No. 25). New York: Bank Street College of Education, Center for Children and Technology.Google Scholar
  9. Newman D. (1987). Local and long distance computer networking for science classrooms. Educational Technology, 27, 20–23.Google Scholar
  10. Norman D. (1980). Twelve issues for cognitive science. Cognitive Science, 4, 1–32.Google Scholar
  11. Riel M. (1985). The computer chronicles newswire: a functional learning environment for acquiring literacy skills. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 1, 317–337.Google Scholar
  12. Riel M. M. (1989). Four models of educational telecommunications: connections to the future. Education and Computing, 5, 261–274.Google Scholar
  13. Riel M. M. and LevinJ. A. (1990). Building electronic communities: successes and failures in computer networking. Instructional Science, 19, 145–169.Google Scholar
  14. Sarason S. (1976). The creation of settings and future societies. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  15. Sharan S. and Hertz-Lazarowitz R. (1979). A group-investigation method of cooperative learning in the classroom. In S. Sharan, P. Hare, C. Webb and R. Hertz-Lazarowitz (Eds.), Cooperation in education. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Sharan S. (1984). Cooperative learning in the classroom: research in desegregated schools. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  17. Slavin R. (1983). Cooperative learning. New York: Longman.Google Scholar
  18. Wertsch J. V. (1985). Vygotsky and the social formation of mind. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret Riel
    • 1
  1. 1.The AT&T Learning NetworkEncinitasU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations