HEC Forum

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 109–125 | Cite as

Managed care: The principles approach

  • Araxie Thomas


Principle Approach 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Freeborn DK, Pope CR. Promise and performance in managed care: The prepaid group practice model. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press; 1994.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wiehel J, Sonnenschein N. Legal and financial relationships between managed care organizations and providers. (Presented at a conference sponsored by the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics and the Center for Biomedical Ethics, University of Minnesota). Boston, MA: Park Plaza Hotel; Sept.29, 1995.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shouldice RG. Introduction to managed care. Arlington, Virginia: Information Resource Press; 1993.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Beauchamp TL, Childress J. Principles of biomedical ethics, New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1979.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rosko MD, Broyles RW. The economics of health care: A reference handbook. New York, NY: Greenwood Press; 1988.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Klinkman MS. The process of choice of health plan and provider: Development of an integrated analytic framework. Medical Care Review. 1991; 48: 295–329.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Luft HS. HMO: Dimensions of performance. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons; 1981.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rodwin M. Conflict in managed care. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1995; 332: 604–607.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Menzel PT. Economic competition in health care: A moral assessment. Journal of Medical Philosophy. 1987; 12(1): 63–84.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Morreim EH. Gaming the system: Dodging the rules, ruling the dodgers. Archives of Internal Medicine. 1991; 151: 443–447.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Morreim EH. Balancing act: The new medical ethics of medicine's new economics. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers; 1991 (Georgetown University Press; 1995).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Relman A. Physicians and business managers: A clash of cultures. Health Management Quarterly. 1994; 16(3): 11–13.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Moore P. Evaluating health maintenance organizations. New York, NY: Quorum Books; 1991.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Luft HS. HMOs and the quality of care. Inquiry. 1988; 25(1): 147–56.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Langwell KM, Hadley JP. Evaluation of medicare competition demonstrations. Health Care Financing Review 1994; 11: 65–80.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shapiro S. Review of twenty years of research on HMOs. (Proceedings of the Twentieth Anniversary Research Symposium), Portland, OR; 1984.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gordon S, Shindul-Rothchild J. The battle for real health care. The Nation. 1994; 657–61.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wennberg JE. Improving the medical decision-making process. Health Affairs. 1988; 7:(1) 99–106.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Donabedian A. The methods and findings of quality assessment and monitoring: An illustrated analysis. Ann Arbor, MI: Health Administration Press; 1985.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rubin HR, Gandek B, Rogers WH, Kosinski M, McHorney CA, Ware JE. Patients' ratings of outpatient visits in different practice settings. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1993; 270: 835–40.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Marquis MS, Davies AR, Ware JE. Patient satisfaction and change in medical care provider: A longitudinal study: Medical Care, 1983; 21: 821–29.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Safran DG, Tarlov AR, Rogers WH. Primary care performance in fee-for-service and prepaid health care systems. Journal of American Medical Association. 1994; 271: 1571–1586.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Eisenberg JM. The internists as gatekeeper: Preparing the general internist for a new role. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1985; 102: 537–543.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Roulidis ZC, Schulman K. Role of the gatekeeper in managed care: Theory or reality? (Presented at the 10th Annual Conference of the Association for Health Services Research). Washington, D.C.: 1993.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pellegrino ED. Rationing health care: The ethics of medical gatekeeping. Journal of Contemporary Health Law and Policy. 1988; 2: 23–45.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Capron AM. Containing health care costs: Ethical and legal implications of changes in the methods of paying physician. Case Western Reserve Law Review. 1986; 36: 708–59.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Brock DW, Buchanan AE. The profit motive in medicine. The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1987; 12: 1–35.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Jonas S. An introduction to the U.S. health care system. 3rd ed., New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co.; 1992.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lawrence RS, Jonas S. Ambulatory care. In A.R. Kovner, ed., Health Care Delivery in the United States, New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co. 1990: 106–108.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Muller C. Review of twenty years of research on medical care utilization. Health Services Research. 1986; 21: 129–44.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Woodstock Theological Center. Ethical considerations in the business aspects of health care. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press; 1995.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Shindul-Rothschild J. Restructuring, redesign, rationing, and nurses' morale: A qualitative study on the impact of competitive financing. Journal of Emergency Nursing 1994; 20: 497–504.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Gaare R. Ethical issues in managed care. Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter. (School of Law, University of Maryland at Baltimore) 1995; 3–4.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Povar G, Moreno J. Hippocrates and the HMO: A discussion of ethical issues. Annals of Internal Medicine 1988; 109: 419–24.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Miller RH, Luft HS. Managed care plan performance since 1980: A literature analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1994; 271: 1512–1519.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Araxie Thomas

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations