Impurity ions in liquid helium
- Cite this article as:
- Glaberson, W.I. & W. Johnson, W. J Low Temp Phys (1975) 20: 313. doi:10.1007/BF00117800
A technique for introducing a wide variety of positive ions into liquid helium is described and used to investigate positive atomic ions of K, Rb, Cs, Ca, Sr, and Ba. The zero-field mobilities of the impurity ions were measured in He II in the temperature range 1.2 < T < 1.4 K. The dependence of mobility on ion mass alone was found directly for Ca+ ions by investigating two isotopes. Measurements were made of the ion drift velocities in high electric fields, where nucleation of quantized vortex rings occurs. All the data and its analysis are consistent with the assumptions that all the impurity ions are singly charged, that the size of the cluster surrounding the ion is significantly different for the different ions, and that the ion-roton cross section is approximately geometric. A possible alternative model for the structure of the ion complex is discussed and a mechanism is suggested which may account for the observed variations in ionic radii.