Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 31–46 | Cite as

Upland agriculture, the land frontier and forest decline in the Philippines

  • D. M. Kummer


Population pressure, expansion of small-scale agriculture and shifting cultivation are commonly cited as the causes of tropical deforestation. A close examination of deforestation and agriculture in the Philippine uplands reveals, however, that the vast majority of agriculturists must be sedentary farmers. In addition, the importance of population pressure as a cause of deforestation in the Philippines cannot be supported by the available evidence. Lastly, the concept of ‘arable land’ is shown to be of limited value in discussing upland agriculture in the Philippines.

Key words

upland agriculture tropical deforestation population pressure land frontier Philippines 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. M. Kummer
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Geography and George Perkins Marsh InstituteClark UniversityWorcesterUSA

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