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Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 17–29 | Cite as

Faidherbia albida and its effects on Ethiopian highland Vertisols

  • C. S. Kamara
  • I. Haque
Article

Abstract

On a Vertisol under 850 mm rainfall, at an altitude of 1850 m, Faidherbia albida trees that occurred at 6.52 trees ha−1, with a canopy cover that range from 97 m2 ha−1 to 229 m2 ha−1 were recorded. Studies on the lateral and vertical influence of the tree canopy on some physical and chemical properties of the soil, show apparent higher organic matter on the West side of the tree than the East due to accumulated wind blown litter by prevalent wind direction, and organic matter, N, P and K levels were higher under the tree canopy than outside for all directions and depths studied. Soil pH, exchangeable Na, Ca and Mg under the canopy and outside were similar. Available water capacity was 1.5 to 2 times more under than outside the tree. Noticeable increases in the silt fraction under the tree was recorded and discussed in relation to soil condition improvement and plant growth.

Key words

Faidherbia albida canopy cover Vertisols organic matter nutrient level available water capacity 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. S. Kamara
    • 1
  • I. Haque
    • 1
  1. 1.International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA)Addis AbadaEthiopia

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