Karyotypes of nine species of Cicindelini and cytotaxonomic notes on Cicindelinae (Coleoptera, Carabidae)
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- Galián, J., Ortiz, A.S. & Serrano, J. Genetica (1990) 82: 17. doi:10.1007/BF00057669
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The male meioformula of seven species of Cicindelini from the Iberian Peninsula and one species from Canada is 9+XXXY. In addition, female data of Cylindera paludosa corroborate previous reports of males. The Palearctic species show a generalized karyotype which presents specific modifications, but it is not possible to establish if it is also present in species of other faunas.
Present data indicate that multiple sex chromosomes is an ancestral condition for the subfamily Cicindelinae. It is postulated that the meioformula of the tribe Cicindelini is 9 or 10 plus XXY and that trends in karyotypic evolution are partially related to the geographic distribution of lineages. Numerical deviations observed in the tribe can be explained by changes occurring independently in autosomes and heterosomes, so that autosome-heterosome fusions do not seem to be a generalized event. A number of criteria may be developed for determining the polarity of change of karyotypic characters, thus making cytotaxonomic studies a valuable tool for understanding the systematics of Cicindelini.