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Biodegradation

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 1–40 | Cite as

Microbial degradation of pentachlorophenol

  • Kelly A. McAllister
  • Hung Lee
  • Jack T. Trevors
Review Paper

Abstract

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) was the most prevalent wood preservative for many years worldwide. Its widespread use had led to contamination of various environments. Traditional methods of PCP clean-up include storage in land-fill sites, incineration and abiotic degradation processes such as photodecomposition. Some aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms can degrade PCP under a variety of conditions. Axenic bacterial cultures, Flavobacterium sp., Rhodococcus sp., Arthrobacter sp., Pseudomonas sp., Sphingomonas sp., and Mycobacterium sp., and fungal cultures, Phanerochaete sp. and Trametes sp. exhibit varying rates and extent of PCP degradation. This paper provides some general information on properties of PCP and reviews the influence of nutrient amendment, temperature and pH on PCP degradation by various aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms. Where information is available, proposed degradation pathways, intermediates and enzymes are reviewed.

Key words

bacteria degradation fungi pentachlorophenol soil 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelly A. McAllister
    • 1
  • Hung Lee
    • 2
  • Jack T. Trevors
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada
  2. 2.Department of Environmental BiologyUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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