Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 157–164 | Cite as

Non-occupational risk factors for adult soft-tissue sarcoma in northern Italy

  • Diego Serraino
  • Silvia Franceschi
  • Renato Talamini
  • Sergio Frustaci
  • Carlo La Vecchia
Research Papers

The role of socioeconomic and anthropometric indicators, tobacco, alcohol consumption, dietary habits, and medical history in the etiology of soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) was examined in a hospital-based case-control study, conducted in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeast Italy, between 1985 and 1990. A total of 88 STS cases (53 males and 35 females; median age: 52 years) and of 610 controls (306 males and 304 females; median age: 54 years) were interviewed. There were significant excess risks associated with a history of herpes zoster infection (odds ratio [OR]=2.4,95 percent confidence interval [CI]=1.1–5.3), chicken pox (OR=2.2, CI=1.2–4.3) and mumps in childhood (OR=2.0, CI=1.1–3.9). History of diabetes was also linked to a nonsignificant increase in STS risk (OR=1.8, CI=0.6–5.4), whereas exposure to radiation for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes was not related to the probability of developing STS. None of the investigated socioeconomic and anthropometric indicators seemed to affect STS risk; neither did tobacco smoking, nor consumption of alcohol, coffee, and tea beverages. Conversely, among the dietary habits investigated, a significant positive association emerged with an increasing frequency of consumption of dairy products (% MathType!MTEF!2!1!+-% feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn% hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXafv3ySLgzGmvETj2BSbqefm0B1jxALjhiov2D% aebbfv3ySLgzGueE0jxyaibaiiYdd9qrFfea0dXdf9vqai-hEir8Ve% ea0de9qq-hbrpepeea0db9q8as0-LqLs-Jirpepeea0-as0Fb9pgea% 0lrP0xe9Fve9Fve9qapdbaqaaeGacaGaaiaabeqaamaabaabcaGcba% Gaae4XdmaaCaaaleqabaGaaGOmaaaaaaa!3DA2!\[{\rm{\chi }}^2\]for trend=6.8, P<0.01) and oil (% MathType!MTEF!2!1!+-% feaafeart1ev1aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn% hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXafv3ySLgzGmvETj2BSbqefm0B1jxALjhiov2D% aebbfv3ySLgzGueE0jxyaibaiiYdd9qrFfea0dXdf9vqai-hEir8Ve% ea0de9qq-hbrpepeea0db9q8as0-LqLs-Jirpepeea0-as0Fb9pgea% 0lrP0xe9Fve9Fve9qapdbaqaaeGacaGaaiaabeqaamaabaabcaGcba% Gaae4XdmaaCaaaleqabaGaaGOmaaaaaaa!3DA2!\[{\rm{\chi }}^2\]for trend=4.3, P<0.05), while a negative association was seen for intake of whole grain bread and pasta (OR for highest cf lowest tertile=0.4, CI=0.2–0.9).

Key words

Alcohol case-control study diet Italy medical history smoking soft-tissue sarcoma 

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Copyright information

© Rapid Communications of Oxford Ltd 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diego Serraino
    • 1
  • Silvia Franceschi
    • 1
  • Renato Talamini
    • 1
  • Sergio Frustaci
    • 2
  • Carlo La Vecchia
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Epidemiology UnitAviano Cancer CenterItaly
  2. 2.Division of Medical OncologyAviano Cancer CenterItaly
  3. 3.“Mario Negri” Institute for Pharmacological ResearchItaly
  4. 4.Institute of Social Preventive MedicineLaussaneSwitzerland
  5. 5.Epidemiology UnitAviano Cancer CenterAviano, PNItaly

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