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Vegetatio

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 105–115 | Cite as

The forest communities of Table Mountain, South Africa

  • B. M. Campbell
  • E. J. Moll
Article

Summary

The forest communities of Table Mountain have been classified using the Braun-Blanquet technique together with numerical analysis. Three major communities, termed associations, have been recognised. Some of these associations have been subdivided. Each community has been described in terms of floristic, structural and environmental factors. The dominant factors affecting the distribution of forest communities appear to be moisture conditions, soil rockiness and soil depth. Information from other South-Western Cape forest areas is discussed. The forests from Table Mountain are similar to these.

However, two forest communities are not found on the Cape Peninsula and extensive areas of Cassine dominated forest on deep soils referred to as the Scolopia mundii — Cassine capensis varlant do not appear to be foun outside Orange Kloof.

Keywords

Forest distribution Hierarchical classification History Phytogeographic relationships Phytosociology Table Mountain 

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Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk b.v 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. M. Campbell
    • 1
  • E. J. Moll
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of Cape TownSouth Africa

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