Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 67–73 | Cite as

Genetic diversity in Ethiopian barley in relation to altitude

  • J. M. M. Engels


A representative sample of the Ethiopian barley collection, maintained at the Ethiopian Plant Genetic Resources Centre (PGRC/E), was studied for its phenotypic diversity for some agronomic characters, i.e. kernel row number, spike density, spikelets per spike, caryopsis type, kernel colour, thousand grain weight, days to maturity and plant height. The diversity was estimated by using the Shannon-Weaver diversity index (H′) for each of the characters to examine overall genetic divergence between accessions on the basis of administrative regions, ecogeographical zones as well as altitudinal ranges within Ethiopia. Most of the variation was due to differences among characters and only a relatively small fraction due to differences between regions. However, almost all characters are considerably influenced by altitude within the regions. The mean diversity index for all characters increases with altitude, reaches a maximum between 2,400 and 2,800 m, and decreases beyond that altitude.

Key words

barley characters diversity index genetic diversity genetic resources Hordeum vulgare 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. M. Engels
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Genetic Resources Centre/Ethiopia (PGRC/E)Addis AbabaEthiopia
  2. 2.IBPGRRomeItaly

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