Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 391–403

Anxiety disorders in Japan: A Review of The Japanese literature on Shinkeishitsu and taijinkyōfushī

  • John G. Russell

DOI: 10.1007/BF00052047

Cite this article as:
Russell, J.G. Cult Med Psych (1989) 13: 391. doi:10.1007/BF00052047


As culture-bound syndromes, Japanese shinkeishitsu (“constitutional neurasthenia”) and taijinkyōfushō (“anthropophobia”) have received considerable attention in the Japanese literature. While these disorders are viewed as diagnostically distinct from Western psychiatric categories, recent studies by the Japanese suggest some affinity with Western social phobias, depression, and schizophrenia. The paper reviews this literature and offers suggestions for further cross-cultural research.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John G. Russell
    • 1
  1. 1.Nishiwaseda Shinjuku-ku, TokyoJapan

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