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Instructional Science

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 63–77 | Cite as

Pictures and adult learning

  • K. L. Alesandrini
Article

Abstract

Instructional pictures may be classified on the basis of how they convey meaning including classification as representational, analogical, or arbitrary (Gropper, 1963; Knowlton, 1966). Some previous reviews of picture effects have dealt with only the first category of pictures-that is, pictures that are isomorphic with the objects or concepts that they represent (Alesandrini, 1982; Levin and Lesgold, 1978). Other reviews have also considered arbitrary or non-representational pictures such as flowcharts and graphs (Levie and Lentz, 1982; Macdonald-Ross, 1977a). This article discusses research on all three types of pictures and considers how each type may play a crucial, yet different, role in the learning process. The focus is on picture effects in adult meaningful learning such as concept learning, learning from prose materials, and learning from expository text.

Keywords

Learning Process Previous Review Concept Learning Adult Learning Meaningful Learning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers B.V 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. L. Alesandrini
    • 1
  1. 1.College of EducationUniversity of IowaIowa CityU.S.A.

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