Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 307–314 | Cite as

Local responses to conservation in the Richtersveld National Park, South Africa

  • Emile Boonzaier
Papers

Abstract

Local notions of conservation deserve closer scrutiny. We cannot assume that they naturally coincide with those of the tourist core; nor that they are automatically given higher priority when local populations are induced to participate in practices which conserve flora and fauna. A case study of the establishment of the Richtersveld National Park in Namaqualand, a remote arid region of South Africa, is used to argue that local attitudes to conservation and development (associated with tourism) can become increasingly cynical and ambivalent in the context of ecotourism. Furthermore, such attitudes are shaped less by economic inducements than by the often contradictory messages about conservation that are being communicated daily.

Keywords

Richtersveld South Africa conservation attitudes ecotourism 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Archer, F.M. (1994) Ethnobotany of Namaqualand: the Richtersveld. Unpublished MA thesis, University of Cape Town.Google Scholar
  2. Archer, F.M., Boonzaier, E.A. and Smith, A.B. Preliminary report on communal grazing patterns in the northern Richtersveld. Unpublished report submitted to the National Parks Board.Google Scholar
  3. Boonzaier E.A. (1987) From communal grazing to ‘economic’ units: changing access to land in a Namaqualand reserve. Develop. S. Africa 4, 479–91.Google Scholar
  4. Boonzaier E.A. (1991) People, parks and politics. In Restoring the Land: Environment and Change in Post-apartheid South Africa (M. Ramphele, ed.). London: Panos.Google Scholar
  5. Boonzaier E.A., Hoffman M.T., Archer F.M. and Smith A.B. (1990) Communal land use and the ‘tragedy of the commons’: some problems and development perspectives with specific reference to semi-arid regions of southern Africa. J. Grassl. Soc. S. Africa 7, 77–80.Google Scholar
  6. Carstens W.P. (1966) The Social Structure of a Cape Coloured Reserve. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Cock J. and Koch E. (eds) (1991) Going Green: People, Politics and the Environment in South Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Fourie J. (1994) Comments on national parks and future relations with neighbouring communities. Koedoe 37, 123–36.Google Scholar
  9. Lea J. (1988) Tourism and Development in the Third World. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Sharp J.S. and Boonzaier E.A. (1994) Ethnic identity as performance: lessons from Namaqualand. J. S. African Stud. 20, 405–15.Google Scholar
  11. Silvertown J. and Sarre P. (1992) Environment and Society. Milton Keynes: The Open University.Google Scholar
  12. Singh S. (1993) Ecotourism: low impact-high value dream. Tourism Recr. Res. 18, 61–4.Google Scholar
  13. Williamson G. (1995) The Richtersveld National Park. Pretoria: National Parks Board.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emile Boonzaier
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social AnthropologyUniversity of Cape TownRondeboschSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations