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Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 363–374 | Cite as

Origin of calcium in aerosols over the western North Pacific

  • T. Suzuki
  • S. Tsunogai
Article

Abstract

Weekly aerosol samples were collected from March 1981 to June 1983 at the six stations in the western North Pacific region and analyzed for Ca and Na. By coupling data with those previously reported for Al (Tsunogai et al., 1985), the following results and conclusion have been obtained. There was a positive correlation between the atmospheric concentration of Al and the concentration of nonsea salt Ca (nssCa). The nssCa/Al ratios from the six stations, however, considerably varied (from 0.84±0.36 to 3.00±1.91), and the ratios were usally larger than those of the crustal average or of usual soil in Japan. The Ca/Al ratios of Asian desert soil and loess vary from 0.52 to 1.29, which are similar to the nssCa/Al ratios of aerosols in the surface air over the western North Pacific region except at Onna, Okinawa. The exception may be due to a local effect of coral. These results suggest that a large part of nonsea salt Ca in the surface air over the western North Pacific is derived from arid regions in Asia and that the nssCa/Al ratio in aerosol varies with that of the source material.

Key words

Calcium in aerosols western North Pacific long-range transport Asian dust desert soil loess 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Suzuki
    • 1
  • S. Tsunogai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of FisheriesHokkaido UniversityHakodate 041Japan

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