Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 315–338 | Cite as

Multistoried agroforestry garden system in West Sumatra, Indonesia

  • G. Michon
  • F. Mary
  • J. Bompard


The agroforestry garden system in Maninjau in West Sumatra is characterized by an intensive integration of forest species and commercial crops, forming a forest-like system. The intimate association of different species provides both subsistence and commercial products which supplement rice production. This complex agroforest is managed by the combination between cultural practices and respect of natural processes of vegetation production and reproduction. It represents a profitable production system and constitutes an efficient buffer between villages and protected forest. It is a good model of association between integration of forest resources and cultivation of cash crops in the form of a sustainable and flexible system.

Key words

buffer zone commercial agroforestry forest resource management fruit trees multistoried agroforest West Sumatra 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Agam Dalam Angka (1981 and 1982) Departmental and district statisticsGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bahri S (1984) Plantes utiles de sous-bois; une perspective en agroforesterie. Dea Univ Montpellier, FranceGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mary F (1986) Agroforêts et sociétés; étude comparée de trois systèmes agroforestiers indonesiens. Dr Thesis, Ensa Montpellier, France, 2 volGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Michon G, Bompard J, Ducatillion C and Hecketsweller P (1983) Tropical forest architectural analysis as applied to agroforests in the humid tropics: the example of traditional village agroforests in West Java. Agroforestry Systems 1 (2): 118–129Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Michon G (1985) De l'homme de la foret au paysan de l'arbre: agroforesteries indonesiennes. PhD Thesis, Univ Montpellier, FranceGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Naim M (1973) Merantau: Minangkabau voluntary migration in West Sumatra. Dissert Fac of Arts & Sc, Univ of SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ogino K, Hotta M, Tamin R and Yoneda T (1984) Forest ecology and flora of Gunung Gadut, West Sumatra. Sumatra Nature Study (Botany), Kyoto, JapanGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    OK Kung Pak (1982) Ideology and practice of the matrilineal land tenure system in West Sumatra. Inst of South East Asia Studies, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schrieke B (1955) The causes and effect of communism on the west coast of Sumatra. Indon Sociol Studies, The Hague Bandung van HoeveGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Scholz U (1983) The natural regions of Sumatra and their agricultural production patterns. Crifc Bogor Indonesia 2 volGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Michon
    • 1
  • F. Mary
    • 2
  • J. Bompard
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de botaniqueMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.Chaire de socio-economic ruraleENSAMontpellier cedexFrance

Personalised recommendations