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Plant and Soil

, Volume 161, Issue 2, pp 195–208 | Cite as

Seasonal variation in methane flux from rice paddies associated with methane concentration in soil water, rice biomass and temperature, and its modelling

  • Isamu Nouchi
  • Tatsuo Hosono
  • Kazuyuki Aoki
  • Katsuyuki Minami
Research Article

Abstract

To attempt to develop physicochemical and physiological modelling for methane transport from the rhizosphere to the atmosphere through rice plants, methane flux, methane concentration in the soil water, and the biomass of rice were measured in lysimeter rice paddies (2.5 × 4 m, depth 2.0 m) once per week throughout the entire growing season in 1992 at Tsukuba, Japan. The addition of exogenous organic matter (rice straw) or soil amendments with the presence or absence of vegetation were also examined for their influence on methane emissions. The total methane emission over the growing season varied from 3.2 g CH4 m-2 y-1 without the addition of rice straw to 49.7 g CH4 m-2 y-1 with rice straw and microbiological amendment. In the unvegetated plot with the addition of rice straw, there was much ebullition of gas bubbles, particularly in the summer. The annual methane emission due to the ebullition of gas bubbles,from the unvegetated plot with the addition of rice straw was estimated to be almost the same as that from the vegetated site with the addition of rice straw. In the early growth stage, the methane flux can be analyzed by the diffusion model (Flux=Methane concentration × Conductance of rice body) using parameters for methane concentration in the soil water as a difference in concentration between the atmosphere and the rhizosphere, and for the biomass of rice as a conductance of rice body. On the other hand, although the diffusion model was inapplicable to a large extent from the middle to late growth stage, methane flux could be estimated by air temperature and concentration in the soil water. Thus, methane transport from the rhizosphere to the atmosphere through rice plants consisted of two phases: one was an explainable small part by diffusion in rice body; the other was a large part strongly, governed by air temperature. The existence of gas bubbles in the soil may be related to the transition between the two phases

Key words

diffusion gas bubbles methane rice paddy soil water transport 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isamu Nouchi
    • 1
  • Tatsuo Hosono
    • 1
  • Kazuyuki Aoki
    • 2
  • Katsuyuki Minami
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Agro-Environmental SciencesJapan
  2. 2.The Tokyo Metropolitan Research Institute for Environmental ProtectionTokyoJapan

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